[en] Iodine (I) and selenium (Se) deficiencies are commonly reported in cattle, however, there are also studies regarding a very high iodine supply. The aim of the study was to determine the long-term effect of I and Se supplementation on non-pregnant cows, pregnant cows and their calves. The hypothalamus pituitary axis was investigated (TSH, T4, T3 assays) during a TRH challenge on non-pregnant cows. Twenty-four cows, half of them pregnant, were assigned into 2 diet-groups, one group with a low I (0.45 ppm) and Se (0.15 ppm) diet (LISe), the other with a high I (5.45 ppm) and Se (0.45 ppm) diet (HISe), for a period of 120 days. Nutritional (plasma iodide, urinary I, plasma Se, I content in colostrum and foetal fluids) and functional (thyrotropin, thyroid hormones, glutathione-peroxidase activity in erythrocytes) markers of
I and Se status were assayed in dams at regular intervals for 120 days and in their calves at birth. A TRH challenge was performed on 8 non-pregnant cows at day 110 of the trial. At the end of the study, I and Se nutritional markers were higher in dams in the HISe group, compared to the LISe group, except for plasma Se. At birth, I nutritional markers in calves in the HISe group were higher compared to the LISe group. Reactivity of the pituitary–thyroid-axis was not influenced by I and Se supplementation. I and Se supplementation is efficient in improving newborn status.