[en] nanostructured material ; nanocomposite ; clay
[en] Poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS)/clay nanocomposites have been synthesized using a novel ω-ammonium functionalized oligo-PDMS surfactant (PDMS–N+(CH3)3) and processed in membrane form. In order to relate the clay morphological structure to the degree of dispersion and physical properties of the membrane, the clay ion-exchanged by PDMS–N+(CH3)3 has been compared to a non-exchanged sodium MMT and to two organoclays organo-modified by using either non-functional alkyl ammonium cations (C38H80N+) or hydroxyalkyl ammonium (C22H48ON+) cations. Morphological analysis and transport properties (sorption, diffusion and permeability) have been investigated using two penetrants: acetone and n-hexane. The mechanical and rheological properties of the PDMS nanocomposite membranes have also been studied. It has been found a significant effect of the clay organo-modifier on the morphology, physical and barrier properties of the systems.
Center for Education and Research on Macromolecules (CERM)
Politique Scientifique Fédérale (Belgique) = Belgian Federal Science Policy ; The "Région Wallonne" ; Fonds Européen de Développement Régional - FEDER