[en] In a recent study , we proposed a class of isotropic damage models which account for initial stresses. The present paper extends this approach to anisotropic damage due to growth of an arbitrarily penny-shaped microcracks system. The basic principle of the upscaling technique in the presence of initial stress is ﬁrst recalled. Then, we derive a closed-form expression of the elastic energy potential corresponding to a system of arbitrarily oriented microcracks. It is shown that the coupling between initial stresses and damage is strongly dependent of the microcracks density and orientation. Predictions of the proposed model are illustrated through the investigation of the inﬂuence of initial stresses on the material response under non monotonous loading paths. Finally, by considering a particular distribution ofmicrocracks orientation, described by a second order damage tensor, it is shown that the model is a generalization of the macroscopic damage model of Halm and Dragon , for which a physically-based interpretation is then proposed.