Towards more sustainable neighbourhoods: are good practices reproducible and extensible?
Marique, Anne-Françoise[Université de Liège - ULg > Département Argenco : Secteur TLU+C > Urbanisme et aménagement du territoire >]
Reiter, Sigrid[Université de Liège - ULg > Département Argenco : Secteur TLU+C > Urbanisme et aménagement du territoire >]
Proceedings of International Conference PLEA 2011 : Architecture & Sustainable Development
Evrard Arnaud, Bodard Magali
Presses Universitaires de Louvain
27th International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture (PLEA)
UCL - Architecture et Climat
[en] Sustainable neighbourhoods ; urban planning ; best practices
[en] Several urban neighbourhoods built or retrofitted from the 1990s have become renowned for their sustainability and are often presented as good practices, as far as sustainable development and low energy architecture are concerned. Although these “sustainable neighbourhoods” receive a great deal of media coverage, they seem to stay “single” experiments and are rarely repeated in other territories or at larger scales. This paper first discusses the European context, which fostered the development of these pilot experiments. It then proposes a rereading of eight famous sustainable neighbourhoods in an analytic way that is more than descriptive to highlight good practices to repeat and weaknesses to avoid and question the reproducibility of these experiments. The settings grid, which describes the achievement conditions and some common characteristics of these urban projects, highlighted through this analysis, is compared with a Belgian dwelling project, and this comparison allows us to explain why it can be difficult to extend these concepts more widely. Finally, the paper proposes several guidelines to promote energy efficiency and sustainability at the urban scale in order to support the planning of more sustainable urban projects.
LEMA ; Lepur : Centre de Recherche en Sciences de la Ville, du Territoire et du Milieu rural
Région wallonne : Direction générale des Technologies, de la Recherche et de l'Energie - DGTRE
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students ; General public