[en] A GC-MS method has been used to characterize tri- and tetrasaccharides in honey after their derivatization into trimethylsilyloxime derivatives. Based on retention data and mass spectra, a total of 25 trisaccharides were characterized; 12 being unequivocally identified using standards and two of them detected for the first time in honey. Erlose and panose were the major trisaccharides in the 12 honeys under analysis, their concentrations ranging 30-1214 mg 100 g-1 of honey and 17-863 mg 100 g-1 of honey, respectively. The GC-MS method also allowed the analysis of tetrasaccharides. Besides nystose, another nine tetrasaccharides were characterized; six of them were sucrose derivatives. Tetrasaccharides were present in concentrations lower than 230 mg 100 g-1 of honey.
Instituto de Química Orgánica General, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC)