Reference : Frequency of Solar-like Systems and of Ice and Gas Giants Beyond the Snow Line from High...
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Space science, astronomy & astrophysics
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/88074
Frequency of Solar-like Systems and of Ice and Gas Giants Beyond the Snow Line from High-magnification Microlensing Events in 2005-2008
English
Gould, A. mailto [Microlensing Follow Up Network (μFUN) ; Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 W. 18th Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA ;]
Dong, Subo mailto [Microlensing Follow Up Network (μFUN) ; Institute for Advanced Study, Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA ; RoboNet. ;]
Gaudi, B. S. mailto [Microlensing Follow Up Network (μFUN) ; Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 W. 18th Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA ;]
Udalski, A. mailto [Optical Gravitational Lens Experiment (OGLE) ; Warsaw University Observatory, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa, Poland ;]
Bond, I. A. mailto [Microlensing Observations in Astrophysics (MOA) ; Institute of Information and Mathematical Sciences, Massey University, Private Bag 102-904, North Shore Mail Centre, Auckland, New Zealand ;]
Greenhill, J. mailto [Probing Lensing Anomalies NETwork (PLANET) ; University of Tasmania, School of Mathematics and Physics, Private Bag 37, GPO Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia ;]
Street, R. A. mailto [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope network, 6740 Cortona Drive, suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117, USA ; Department of Physics, Broida Hall, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9530, USA ; RoboNet. ;]
Dominik, M. mailto [Probing Lensing Anomalies NETwork (PLANET) ; Microlensing Network for the Detection of Small Terrestrial Exoplanets (MiNDSTEp) ; SUPA School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, KY16 9SS, UK ; RoboNet. ; Royal Society University Research Fellow. ;]
Sumi, T. mailto [Microlensing Observations in Astrophysics (MOA) ; Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan ;]
Szymański, M. K. mailto [Optical Gravitational Lens Experiment (OGLE) ; Warsaw University Observatory, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa, Poland ;]
Han, C. mailto [Microlensing Follow Up Network (μFUN) ; Department of Physics, Institute for Basic Science Research, Chungbuk National University, Chongju 361-763, Korea ;]
Allen, W. mailto [Vintage Lane Observatory, Blenheim, New Zealand]
Bolt, G. mailto [Craigie Observatory, Perth, Australia]
Bos, M. mailto [Molehill Astronomical Observatory, Auckland, New Zealand]
Christie, G. W. mailto [Auckland Observatory, Auckland, New Zealand]
DePoy, D. L. mailto [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA]
Drummond, J. mailto [Possum Observatory, Patutahi, New Zealand]
Eastman, J. D. mailto [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 W. 18th Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA]
Gal-Yam, A. mailto [Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, Weizmann Institute of Science, 76100 Rehovot, Israel]
Higgins, D. mailto [Hunters Hill Observatory, Canberra, Australia]
Janczak, J. mailto [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 W. 18th Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA]
Kaspi, S. mailto [School of Physics and Astronomy and Wise Observatory, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv 69978, Israel ; Department of Physics, Technion, Haifa 32000, Israel ;]
Kozłowski, S. mailto [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 W. 18th Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA]
Lee, C*-U mailto [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejon 305-348, Korea]
Mallia, F. mailto [Campo Catino Austral Observatory, San Pedro de Atacama, Chile]
Maury, A. mailto [Campo Catino Austral Observatory, San Pedro de Atacama, Chile]
Maoz, D. mailto [School of Physics and Astronomy and Wise Observatory, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv 69978, Israel]
McCormick, J. mailto [Farm Cove Observatory, Centre for Backyard Astrophysics, Pakuranga, Auckland, New Zealand]
Monard, L. A. G. mailto [Bronberg Observatory, Centre for Backyard Astrophysics, Pretoria, South Africa]
Moorhouse, D. mailto [Kumeu Observatory, Kumeu, New Zealand]
Morgan, N. mailto [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 W. 18th Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA]
Natusch, T. mailto [AUT University, Auckland, New Zealand]
Ofek, E. O. mailto [Palomar Observatory, CA, USA ; Einstein Fellow.;]
Park, B*-G mailto [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejon 305-348, Korea]
Pogge, R. W. mailto [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 W. 18th Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA]
Polishook, D. mailto [School of Physics and Astronomy and Wise Observatory, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv 69978, Israel]
Santallo, R. mailto [Southern Stars Observatory, Faaa, Tahiti, French Polynesia]
Shporer, A. mailto [School of Physics and Astronomy and Wise Observatory, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv 69978, Israel]
Spector, O. mailto [School of Physics and Astronomy and Wise Observatory, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv 69978, Israel]
Thornley, G. mailto [Kumeu Observatory, Kumeu, New Zealand]
Yee, J. C. mailto [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 W. 18th Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA]
μFUN, Collaboration mailto [Warsaw University Observatory, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa, Poland]
Kubiak, M. mailto [Warsaw University Observatory, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa, Poland ; Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile ;]
Pietrzyński, G. mailto [Warsaw University Observatory, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa, Poland]
Soszyński, I. mailto [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile]
Szewczyk, O. mailto [Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, CB3 0HA Cambridge, UK]
Wyrzykowski, Ł mailto [Warsaw University Observatory, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa, Poland]
Ulaczyk, K. mailto [Warsaw University Observatory, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa, Poland]
Poleski, R. mailto [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan]
OGLE, Collaboration mailto [Probing Lensing Anomalies NETwork (PLANET) ; Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, 225 Nieuwland Science Hall, Notre Dame, IN 46556-5670, USA ;]
Abe, F. mailto [Department of Physics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand]
Bennett, D. P. mailto [Department of Physics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand]
Botzler, C. S. mailto [Department of Physics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand]
Douchin, D. mailto [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan]
Freeman, M. mailto [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan]
Fukui, A. mailto [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8020, New Zealand]
Furusawa, K. mailto [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan]
Hearnshaw, J. B. mailto [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan]
Hosaka, S. mailto [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan]
Itow, Y. mailto [Mt. John Observatory, P.O. Box 56, Lake Tekapo 8780, New Zealand]
Kamiya, K. mailto [School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand]
Kilmartin, P. M. mailto [Institute of Information and Mathematical Sciences, Massey University, Private Bag 102-904, North Shore Mail Centre, Auckland, New Zealand]
Korpela, A. mailto [Institute of Information and Mathematical Sciences, Massey University, Private Bag 102-904, North Shore Mail Centre, Auckland, New Zealand]
Lin, W. mailto [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan]
Ling, C. H. mailto [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan]
Makita, S. mailto [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan]
Masuda, K. mailto [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan]
Matsubara, Y. mailto [Department of Physics, Konan University, Nishiokamoto 8-9-1, Kobe 658-8501, Japan]
Miyake, N. mailto [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan]
Muraki, Y. mailto [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan]
Nagaya, M. mailto [Nagano National College of Technology, Nagano 381-8550, Japan]
Nishimoto, K. mailto [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan]
Ohnishi, K. mailto [Department of Physics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand]
Okumura, T. mailto [Department of Physics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand]
Perrott, Y. C. mailto [Department of Physics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand ; RoboNet. ;]
Philpott, L. mailto [Tokyo Metropolitan College of Industrial Technology, Tokyo 116-8523, Japan]
Rattenbury, N. mailto [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan]
Saito, To mailto [School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand]
Sako, T. mailto [Institute of Information and Mathematical Sciences, Massey University, Private Bag 102-904, North Shore Mail Centre, Auckland, New Zealand]
Sullivan, D. J. mailto [Mt. John Observatory, P.O. Box 56, Lake Tekapo 8780, New Zealand]
Sweatman, W. L. [Department of Physics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand]
Tristram, P. J. mailto [Department of Physics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand]
von Seggern, E. mailto [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8020, New Zealand]
Yock, P. C. M. mailto [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, CNRS UMR7095, 98bis Boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France]
MOA, Collaboration mailto [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, CNRS UMR7095, 98bis Boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France]
Albrow, M. [European Southern Observatory, Casilla 19001, Santiago 19, Chile]
Batista, V. [McDonald Observatory, 16120 St Hwy Spur 78 #2, Fort Davis, TX 79734, USA]
Beaulieu, J. P. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of the Free State, P.O. Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa]
Brillant, S. [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, CNRS UMR7095, 98bis Boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France]
Caldwell, J. [University of Tasmania, School of Mathematics and Physics, Private Bag 37, GPO Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia]
Calitz, J. J. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, CA 94551-0808, USA]
Cassan, A. [CEA/Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France]
Cole, A. [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, CNRS UMR7095, 98bis Boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France]
Cook, K. [Department of Physics, University of Rijeka, Omladinska 14, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia]
Coutures, C. [Technische Universitaet Wien, Wieder Hauptst. 8-10, A-1040 Wienna, Austria]
Dieters, S. [LATT, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, France]
Dominis Prester, D. [University of Tasmania, School of Mathematics and Physics, Private Bag 37, GPO Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia]
Donatowicz, J. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of the Free State, P.O. Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa]
Fouqué, P. mailto [IRAP, CNRS, Université de Toulouse, 14 avenue Edouard Belin 31400 Toulouse France]
Hill, K. [NASA Exoplanet Science Institute, Caltech, MS 100-22, 770 south Wilson Avenue, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA]
Hoffman, M. [SUPA School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, KY16 9SS, UK ; RoboNet.]
Jablonski, F. [European Southern Observatory, Casilla 19001, Santiago 19, Chile]
Kane, S. R. [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, CNRS UMR7095, 98bis Boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France]
Kains, N. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Service d'Informations médico économiques (SIME) - Service facturation >]
Kubas, D. [Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, Sao Jose dos Campos, SP, Brazil]
Marquette, J*-B [Department of Physics, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of the Free State, P.O. Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa]
Martin, Rosa [South African Astronomical Observatory, P.O. Box 9, Observatory 7935, South Africa]
Martioli, E. [SUPA School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, KY16 9SS, UK]
Meintjes, P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8020, New Zealand]
Menzies, J. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA]
Pedretti, E. [Niels Bohr Institutet, Københavns Universitet, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 København Ø, Denmark]
Pollard, K. [Microlensing Network for the Detection of Small Terrestrial Exoplanets (MiNDSTEp) ; Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg (ZAH), Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany]
Sahu, K. C. [University of Tasmania, School of Mathematics and Physics, Private Bag 37, GPO Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia]
Vinter, C. [Perth Observatory, Walnut Road, Bickley, Perth 6076, WA, Australia]
Wambsganss, J. [Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg (ZAH), Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany ; Institute of Astronomy, University of Zielona Góra, Lubuska st. 2, 66-265 Zielona Góra, Poland]
Watson, R. [School of Physics, University of Exeter, Stocker Road, Exeter EX4 4QL, UK]
Williams, A. [Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool CH41 1LD, UK]
Zub, M. [Probing Lensing Anomalies NETwork (PLANET) ; European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Straße 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany]
PLANET, Collaboration [Microlensing Network for the Detection of Small Terrestrial Exoplanets (MiNDSTEp) ; Deutsches SOFIA Institut, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 31, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany ; SOFIA Science Center, NASA Ames Research Center, Mail Stop N211-3, Moffett Field CA 94035, USA]
Allan, A. [Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool CH41 1LD, UK]
Bode, M. F. [Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool CH41 1LD, UK]
Bramich, D. M. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope network, 6740 Cortona Drive, suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117, USA]
Burgdorf, M. J. [Probing Lensing Anomalies NETwork (PLANET) ; SUPA School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, KY16 9SS, UK]
Clay, N. [Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, The University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK]
Fraser, S. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope network, 6740 Cortona Drive, suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117, USA]
Hawkins, E. [Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool CH41 1LD, UK]
Horne, K. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope network, 6740 Cortona Drive, suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117, USA ; School of Physics, University of Exeter, Stocker Road, Exeter EX4 4QL, UK]
Kerins, E. [Microlensing Network for the Detection of Small Terrestrial Exoplanets (MiNDSTEp) ; European Southern Observatory, Casilla 19001, Santiago 19, Chile ; Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max-Planck-Str. 2, 37191 Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany]
Lister, T. A. [Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool CH41 1LD, UK]
Mottram, C. [Probing Lensing Anomalies NETwork (PLANET) ; Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope network, 6740 Cortona Drive, suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117, USA ; Astronomy Unit, School of Mathematical Sciences, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road, London, E1 4NS, UK]
Saunders, E. S. [Probing Lensing Anomalies NETwork (PLANET) ; Niels Bohr Institutet, Københavns Universitet, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 København Ø, Denmark ; Centre for Star and Planet Formation, Københavns Universitet, Øster Voldgade 5-7, 1350 København Ø, Denmark]
Snodgrass, C. [Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg (ZAH), Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany ; Departamento de Astronomía y Astrofísica, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile]
Steele, I. A. [Università degli Studi di Salerno, Dipartimento di Fisica "E. R. Caianiello," Via Ponte Don Melillo, 84085 Fisciano (SA), Italy ; INFN, Gruppo Collegato di Salerno, Sezione di Napoli, Italy ; Istituto Internazionale per gli Alti Studi Scientifici (IIASS), Via G. Pellegrino 19, 84019 Vietri sul Mare (SA), Italy]
Tsapras, Y. [Università degli Studi di Salerno, Dipartimento di Fisica "E. R. Caianiello," Via Ponte Don Melillo, 84085 Fisciano (SA), Italy ; INFN, Gruppo Collegato di Salerno, Sezione di Napoli, Italy ; Istituto Internazionale per gli Alti Studi Scientifici (IIASS), Via G. Pellegrino 19, 84019 Vietri sul Mare (SA), Italy]
RoboNet, Collaboration [Niels Bohr Institutet, Københavns Universitet, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 København Ø, Denmark]
Jørgensen, U. G. [Niels Bohr Institutet, Københavns Universitet, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 København Ø, Denmark ; Armagh Observatory, College Hill, Armagh, BT61 9DG, UK]
Anguita, T. [Institut für Astrophysik, Georg-August-Universität, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Göttingen, Germany]
Bozza, V. [Niels Bohr Institutet, Københavns Universitet, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 København Ø, Denmark]
Calchi Novati, S. [SUPA School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, KY16 9SS, UK ; Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg (ZAH), Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany]
Harpsøe, K. [Università degli Studi di Salerno, Dipartimento di Fisica "E. R. Caianiello," Via Ponte Don Melillo, 84085 Fisciano (SA), Italy ; INFN, Gruppo Collegato di Salerno, Sezione di Napoli, Italy ; Istituto Internazionale per gli Alti Studi Scientifici (IIASS), Via G. Pellegrino 19, 84019 Vietri sul Mare (SA), Italy ; Dipartimento di Ingegneria, Università del Sannio, Corso Garibaldi 107, 82100 Benevento, Italy]
Hinse, T. C. [Bellatrix Astronomical Observatory, Via Madonna de Loco 47, 03023 Ceccano (FR), Italy]
Hundertmark, M. [Niels Bohr Institutet, Københavns Universitet, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 København Ø, Denmark]
Kjærgaard, P. [Department of Physics, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11155-9161, Tehran, Iran]
Liebig, C. [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Astroph. extragalactique et observations spatiales (AEOS) >]
Mancini, L. [Università degli Studi di Salerno, Dipartimento di Fisica "E. R. Caianiello," Via Ponte Don Melillo, 84085 Fisciano (SA), Italy ; INFN, Gruppo Collegato di Salerno, Sezione di Napoli, Italy ; Istituto Internazionale per gli Alti Studi Scientifici (IIASS), Via G. Pellegrino 19, 84019 Vietri sul Mare (SA), Italy]
Masi, G. [Astrophysics Group, Keele University, Staffordshire, ST5 5BG, UK]
Mathiasen, M. [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Astroph. extragalactique et observations spatiales (AEOS) >]
Rahvar, S. [Niels Bohr Institutet, Københavns Universitet, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 København Ø, Denmark ; INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, 23806 Merate (LC), Italy]
Ricci, Davide mailto [ > > ]
Scarpetta, G. [ > > ]
Southworth, J. [ > > ]
Surdej, Jean mailto [[Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Astroph. extragalactique et observations spatiales (AEOS) >] > > > >]
Thöne, C. C. [ > > ]
MiNDSTEp, Consortium [ > > ]
1-Sep-2010
Astrophysical Journal
University of Chicago Press
720
1073-1089
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0004-637X
1538-4357
Chicago
IL
[en] gravitational lensing: micro ; planetary systems
[en] We present the first measurement of the planet frequency beyond the "snow line," for the planet-to-star mass-ratio interval –4.5 < log q < –2, corresponding to the range of ice giants to gas giants. We find \endgraf\vbox{\begin{center}$\displaystyle{d^2 N{_{\rm pl}}\over d\log q\, d\log s} = (0.36\pm 0.15)\;{\rm dex}^{-2}$\end{center}}\noindentat the mean mass ratio q = 5 × 10 –4 with no discernible deviation from a flat (Öpik's law) distribution in log-projected separation s. The determination is based on a sample of six planets detected from intensive follow-up observations of high-magnification ( A>200) microlensing events during 2005-2008. The sampled host stars have a typical mass M host ~ 0.5 M sun
Researchers ; Professionals
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/88074
10.1088/0004-637X/720/2/1073
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010ApJ...720.1073G
The authors thank The SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System for their preprint deposit authorization. The original publication can be found in the Astrophysical Journal.

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