Reference : Mind-wandering: Phenomenology and function as assessed with a novel experience sampli...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Theoretical & cognitive psychology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/87733
Mind-wandering: Phenomenology and function as assessed with a novel experience sampling method
English
Stawarczyk, David mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cognitives > Psychopathologie cognitive >]
Majerus, Steve mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cognitives > Psychopathologie cognitive >]
Maj, Michalina [ > > ]
Van der Linden, Martial mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cognitives > Psychopathologie cognitive >]
D'Argembeau, Arnaud mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cognitives > Psychopathologie cognitive >]
2011
Acta Psychologica
Elsevier Science
136
3
370-381
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0001-6918
Amsterdam
The Netherlands
[en] Mind-wandering ; Distractions ; Phenomenology ; Personal goals ; Prospective thoughts ; Experience sampling
[en] Mind-wandering refers to the occurrence of thoughts whose content is both decoupled from stimuli present in the current environment and unrelated to the task being carried out at the moment of their occurrence. The core of this phenomenon is therefore stimulus-independent and task-unrelated thoughts (SITUTs). In the present study, we designed a novel experience sampling method which permitted to isolate SITUTs from other kinds of distractions (i.e., irrelevant interoceptive/exteroceptive sensory perceptions and interfering thoughts related to the appraisal of the current task). In Experiment 1, we examined the impact of SITUTs on the performance of the Sustained Attention to Response Task (SART; a Go/No-Go task). Analyses demonstrated that SITUTs impair SART performance to the same extent as irrelevant sensory perceptions. In Experiment 2, we further examined SITUTs in order to assess the possible functions of mind-wandering. We observed that the content of most of reported SITUTs refers to the anticipation and planning of future events. Furthermore, this “prospective bias” was increased when participants’ attention had been oriented toward their personal goals before performing the SART. These data support the view that an important function of mind-wandering relates to the anticipation and planning of the future.
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/87733
10.1016/j.actpsy.2011.01.002
http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0001-6918(11)00003-5

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