|Reference : Masking of antigenic sites of fibronectin by glycosaminoglycans in ethanol-fixed embryon...|
|Scientific journals : Article|
|Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology|
|Masking of antigenic sites of fibronectin by glycosaminoglycans in ethanol-fixed embryonic tissue|
|Harrisson, F. [ > > ]|
|Van Hoof, J. [ > > ]|
|Vanroelen, Ch [ > > ]|
|Foidart, Jean-Michel [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > Gynécologie - Obstétrique >]|
|[en] We studied the interaction between glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and fibronectin in the basement membrane of the epiblast in the chicken blastoderm using testicular-hyaluronidase digestion of GAGs either on fixed tissue sections or in vivo after microinjection of the enzyme preparation prior to immunostaining for fibronectin. In the choice of fixatives, special attention was paid to their preservation of GAGs. The controls included alcian-blue staining of serial sections to test the efficiency of the digestion, and incubations in the presence of protease inhibitors to abolish contaminating proteolytic activity in the commercial hyaluronidase preparations. The results indicate that fixation in solutions which preserve GAGs, i.e. ethanolic solutions or aqueous solutions containing cetylpyridinium chloride, allows the immunocytochemical demonstration of fibronectin in the basement membrane of the epiblast at the level of the endophyllic crescent, but masks this glycoprotein at the epithelial-mesenchymal interface. As shown by both approaches, this masking of immunoreactivity is reversible. Moreover, the in vivo clearance of GAGs before fixation shows that the masking at the epithelial-mesenchymal interface is not an experimental peculiarity due to the use of a particular technique, but is the consequence of an interaction between GAGs and fibronectin in that particular area of the basement membrane that is used by mesoblast cells as a substrate for migration. The observation that fibronectin may be masked by GAGs in ethanol-fixed tissue--a commonly used fixation method--may require the re-evaluation of some negative results mentioned in the literature.|
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