[en] Cutaneous malignant melanoma represents one of the most dramatic skin cancers because its incidence is steadily growing in White populations. Of note, its metastatic risk and mortality dramatically increase when the primary neoplasm reaches about one millimeter thick. It is believed that angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis associated with cutaneous melanoma potentially influence the neoplastic progression of the primary tumor and its metastases. In some instances, both the intratumoral and peritumoral microvasculature are correlated to booming of the tumoral growth fraction. In addition, the vascular network serves as a migration path for the intravascular and perivascular neoplastic spread. Hence, the quantification of the microvasculature might help establishing a prognostic factor of evolution. Among the available methods, spectral analysis of immunohistochemical sections highlighting vessels helps defining the microvasculature distribution. The benefit of using spectral analysis is discussed and the modalities of application of this analytical method are scrutinized.