|Reference : Nerves’ impact on voice of 26 students in a music exam situation.|
|Scientific congresses and symposiums : Unpublished conference|
|Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Neurosciences & behavior|
|Nerves’ impact on voice of 26 students in a music exam situation.|
|Morsomme, Dominique [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cognitives > Logopédie des troubles de la voix >]|
|Ficarrotta, Eva [ > > ]|
|Choice For Voice|
|du 15 juillet au 17 juillet 2010|
|The British Voice Association|
|[en] Nerves ; Singing Voice ; Subjective Objective Parameters|
|[en] The manifestations of the nerves are physical, cognitive and behavioural. They vary according to the genre, the task and the public. According to the literature, many vocal parameters are influenced by the exam nerves.
Our goal is to study the manifestations of the nerves in 26 students (10 men and 16 women, mean age: 33.3 y) during their musical examination. They sang a score “a cappella”. We recorded the musical performance 4 months before examination (T1), the day before (T2) and the examination's day (T3). Each student evaluated his global degree of nervousness, filled in the Cungi’s scales (stress scale) and explained his strategy of coping. 2 expert judges noted the students at the T3. A speech therapist also evaluated them on the basis of 4 objective criteria. Moreover, we measured the frequency parameters, jitter, intensity, duration and HNR with Praat.
The comparison of the results at each time shows that the men and the women obtain results significantly higher at T3 for their degrees of nervousness and their level of intensity. In the same way, the note evaluated by the judges for the whole of the subjects is correlated with that of the speech therapist (rho: 0.71; 0.79).
For the women at T3, we observe five positive correlations and one negative.
The more the women evaluate their degree of stress strongly, the more judge n°2 evaluates it strongly (rho: 0.84). The more the scores on the scales of Cungi are high, the higher are the degrees of perfectionism (rho: 0.87; 0.81; 0.57). Both judges evaluated the exam nerves in the same way (rho: 0.59). The longer the execution time of the musical score, the more the evaluations by the speech therapist and both judges are weak (rho: -0.69).
For the men at T3, we observe six positive correlations and two negative.
The more the men have a high degree of nervousness, the higher the judges evaluated exam nerves, the higher level of Cungi scores the more the degree of perfectionism is high (rho: 0.69; 0.65; 0.72; 0.68). The more the jitter increases, the more the perception of the exam nerves by judge n°2 is high (rho: 0.68). The more the HNR increased, the more the degree of exam nerves evaluated by the judges is important (rho: 0.71) and the more the note of the speech pathologist is weak (rho: -0.71). The higher the jitter is, the weaker are the notes of the judges and of the speech pathologist (rho: -0.78; -0.79). 17 students, including only one man, employed strategies of coping to decrease their nerves: 73% a coping cognitive behavioural and 16% a medical strategy.
In our study, the nerves affect the men and the women differently. The management of the nerves is an interesting topic to study in order to contribute to the development of coping strategies.
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