Reference : A pilot study comparing the antispasmodic effects of inhaled salmeterol, salbutamol and ...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Veterinary medicine & animal health
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/8564
A pilot study comparing the antispasmodic effects of inhaled salmeterol, salbutamol and ipratropium bromide using different aerosoldevices on muscarinic bronchoconstriction in healthy cats
English
Leemans, Jérôme mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de sciences fonctionnelles > Pharmacologie, pharmacothérapie et toxicologie >]
Kirschvink, Nathalie [> >]
Bernaerts, Frederique [Université de Liège - ULg > Département clinique des animaux de compagnie et des équidés > Pathologie médicale des petits animaux >]
Clercx, Cécile mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département clinique des animaux de compagnie et des équidés > Pathologie médicale des petits animaux >]
Cambier, Carole mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de sciences fonctionnelles > Département de sciences fonctionnelles >]
Gustin, Pascal mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de sciences fonctionnelles > Pharmacologie, pharmacothérapie et toxicologie >]
2009
Veterinary Journal
Elsevier
180
236–245
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
1090-0233
[en] Feline ; Barometric whole-body plethysmography ; Bronchial responsiveness ; Inhaled bronchodilators
[en] This study compared the duration and magnitude of the antispasmodic effects of salmeterol SLM), salbutamol (SAL), ipratropium bromide (IB) and the combination of SAL and IB (SAL/IB) against carbachol-induced bronchoconstriction in healthy cats, and investigated the gain in efficacy using a two or fourfold increase in drug dosages. The drug regimens used were: (1) LM 25 lg, SAL 100 lg, IB 20 lg and SAL/IB 100 lg/20 lg for bronchodilators delivered by a metered-dose inhaler (MDI); (2) SAL 3.75 mg and IB 62.5 lg for nebulised (NEB) medications. To monitor the bronchodilator effect, airway responsiveness was assessed at different time points using barometric whole-body plethysmography and calculation of the concentration of inhaled carbachol inducing a 300% increase of baseline Penh (enhanced pause), an estimator of airflow limitation Maximum C-Penh300 was recorded 15 min after NEB SAL, IB MDI, NEB IB and 1 h after SAL MDI and 4 h after SLM MDI, respectively. C-Penh300 was significantly different from control values (without treatment) up to 24 h for SLM MDI, 8 h for IB MDI and 4 h for other drugs. In terms of efficacy, SAL/IB MDI showed a synergistic antispasmodic effect at 15 min, 4 h and 8 h after administration. A fourfold increase of the initial dose of IB MDI and NEB IB significantly increased C-Penh300. Despite a fourfold dose increase, SLM displayed the weakest degree of bronchoprotection compared to other bronchodilators. The study provides evidence that inhaled bronchodilators are efficient at preventing muscarinic-induced bronchospasm in healthy cats and that SAL and IB appear to be short-acting bronchodilators in contrast to SLM.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/8564
also: http://hdl.handle.net/2268/8251
10.1016/j.tvjl.2007.11.008

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