Reference : Functional Neuroimaging Approaches to the Changing Borders of Consciousness
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Neurology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/83875
Functional Neuroimaging Approaches to the Changing Borders of Consciousness
English
Noirhomme, Quentin mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > Centre de recherches du cyclotron >]
Soddu, Andrea mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > Centre de recherches du cyclotron >]
Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > Centre de recherches du cyclotron >]
Lehembre, Remy [Université de Liège - ULg > > Centre de recherches du cyclotron >]
Bruno, Marie-Aurélie mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > Centre de recherches du cyclotron >]
Gosseries, Olivia mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > Centre de recherches du cyclotron >]
Demertzi, Athina [Université de Liège - ULg > > Centre de recherches du cyclotron >]
Maudoux, Audrey [Université de Liège - ULg > > Centre de recherches du cyclotron >]
Schnakers, Caroline mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > Centre de recherches du cyclotron >]
Boveroux, Pierre mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > Anesthésie et réanimation >]
Boly, Mélanie mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > Neurologie >]
Laureys, Steven mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > Centre de recherches du cyclotron - Département des sciences cliniques >]
2010
Journal of Psychophysiology
Hogrefe & Huber
24
2
68-75
Yes
International
0269-8803
Seattle
WA
[en] disorders of consciousness ; coma ; vegetative state ; unresponsive wakefulness syndrome ; minimally conscious state ; functional imaging ; EEG ; PET ; fMRI
[en] The bedside diagnosis of vegetative and minimally conscious patients is extremely challenging, and prediction of individual
long-term outcome remains difficult. State-of the art neuroimaging methods could help disentangle complex cases and offer new prognostic
criteria. These methods can be divided into to three categories: First, new anatomical MRI neuroimaging methods, like diffusion
tensor imaging (DTI) or spectroscopy, and passive functional imaging methods (looking at the brain’s activation induced by external
stimuli), could provide new diagnostic and prognostic markers. Second, neuroimaging methods based on active collaboration from the
patient could help to detect clinically unnoticed signs of consciousness. Third, developments in brain-computer interfaces based on EEG,
functional MRI, or EMG offer communication possibilities in brain-damaged patients who can neither verbally nor nonverbally express
their thoughts or wishes. These new approaches raise important issues not only from a clinical and ethical perspective (i.e., patients’
diagnosis, prognosis and management) but also from a neuroscientific standpoint, as they enrich our current understanding of the emergence
and function of the conscious human mind.
Coma Science Group, Centre de Recherches du Cyclotron
This research was funded by the Belgian National Funds for Scientific Research (FNRS), the European Commission (DISCOS, COST, Mindbridge, DECODER), the James McDonnell Foundation, the Mind Science Foundation, the French Speaking Community Concerted Research Action, the Foundation Médicale Reine Elisabeth, and the University of Liège.
Researchers
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/83875
10.1027/0269-8803/a000015

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