[en] carbon isotopes ; carboxypeptidases metabolism ; chromatography paper ; cycloserine ; dipeptides chemical synthesis ; electrophoresis paper ; kinetics ; oligopeptides chemical synthesis metabolism ; peptides/metabolism ; pimelic acids ; streptomyces/enzymology ; time factors ; tritium
[en] The ability of the water-soluble dd-carboxypeptidases of Streptomyces strains albus G, R61, K11 and R39 to perform transpeptidation was studied. The donor was diacetyl-l-lysyl-d-alanyl-d-alanine, and a whole range of amino acids, peptides and structurally related amino compounds were tested for acceptor function. No compound tested was an acceptor for the enzyme from strain albus G whereas the enzymes from strains R61 and K11 could utilize with varying efficiency a wide range of substances including peptides with N-terminal glycine or d-alanine, omega-amino acids, aminohexuronic acids, 6-aminopenicillanic acid and d-cycloserine. Certain peptides, when present in higher concentration, inhibited the transpeptidation observed at lower concentration. The enzyme from strain R39 would not use any dipeptide as an acceptor, but a few compounds that were not glycine or alpha-amino acids of the d-configuration did function thus. These were d-cycloserine and the lactams of meso- or racemic-diaminoadipic acid.