[en] pulsatile stress ; Type 1 diabetes ; type 2 diabetes mellitus ; pulse pressure ; arterial stiffneww ; Finapres
[en] AbstractBackground: Arterial pulse pressure (PP) is considered as an independent cardiovascular risk factor. We compared PP during an active orthostatic test in middle-aged patients with type 1 diabetes and with type 2 diabetes, and corresponding nondiabetic controls. Methods: 40 patients with type 1 diabetes (mean age 50 years, diabetes duration 23 years, BMI 23.0 kg/m(2)) were compared to 40 non hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes (respectively, 50 years, 8 years, 29.7 kg/m(2)). Patients taking antihypertensive agents or with renal insufficiency were excluded. All patients were evaluated with a continuous noninvasive arterial blood pressure monitoring (Finapres(R)) in standing (1 min), squatting (1 min) and again standing position (1 min). Patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes were compared with two groups of 40 age-, sex- and BMI-matched healthy subjects. Results: Patients with type 1 diabetes and patients with type 2 diabetes showed significantly higher PP, heart rate (HR) and PPxHR double product (type 1 : 5263 vs 4121 mmHg/min, p=0.0004; type 2 : 5359 vs 4321 mmHg, p=0.0023) levels than corresponding controls. There were no significant differences between patients with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes regarding PP (59 vs 58 mmHg), HR (89 vs 88/min), and PPxHR product (5263 vs 5359 mmHg/min). Conclusion: Patients with type 1 diabetes have comparable increased levels of peripheral PP, an indirect marker of arterial stiffness, and PPxHR, an index of pulsatile stress, as non-hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes at similar mean age of 50 years.