Reference : Psychological Evolution and Assessment in Patients Undergoing Orthotopic Heart Transp...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Psychiatry
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/80339
Psychological Evolution and Assessment in Patients Undergoing Orthotopic Heart Transplantation
English
Triffaux, Jean-Marc mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > Département des sciences cliniques >]
Wauthy, Jacques [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > Département d'éducation et formation >]
Bertrand, Jean-Marie [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Radiothérapie >]
Limet, Raymond [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > Chirurgie cardio-vasculaire et thoracique]
Albert, Adelin mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences de la santé publique > Informatique médicale et biostatistique >]
Ansseau, Marc mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > Psychiatrie et psychologie médicale]
Apr-2001
European Psychiatry
16
3
180-5
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0924-9338
[en] BACKGROUND: Orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) is a major surgical intervention inducing distress and anxiety. Psychiatric evaluation of organ transplant candidates is now routinely proposed. This study purposed to assess the psychological evolution in patients having received psychological and/or psychiatric assistance before and during 1-6 postoperative months. METHODS: Twenty-two consecutive transplant candidates were psychically evaluated as part of the preoperative protocol. In the waiting period, 1 and 6 months after OHT, they were asked to fill out the following questionnaires: the General Health Questionnaire, the Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Perceived Social Support Scale, the Toronto Alexithymia Scale and the Personal Reaction Inventory. RESULTS: A DSM-IV Axis I diagnosis was found in nine patients (41%); four patients (18%) presented with an Axis II diagnosis. One month after OHT, scores of depression, anxiety and general health significantly improved, while scores of social support, alexithymia and social desirability did not differ. In the sixth postoperative month, all psychological scores remained stable. CONCLUSIONS: A high prevalence of preoperative psychopathology was reported in 22 candidates who received OHT. Surgical intervention obviously improved the quality of life after cardiac transplantation. If the impact of psychological and/or psychiatric aid remains difficult to appraise, these results emphasize the positive impact of surgery on psychological status and the appropriateness of the psychosomatician's social support intervention on patients facing the transplant process.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/80339

File(s) associated to this reference

Fulltext file(s):

FileCommentaryVersionSizeAccess
Open access
psychological evolutiuon and assessment in patients....pdfPublisher postprint803.75 kBView/Open

Bookmark and Share SFX Query

All documents in ORBi are protected by a user license.