Reference : Prolonged ex vivo culture of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells influences thei...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Hematology
Prolonged ex vivo culture of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells influences their supportive activity toward NOD/SCID -repopulating cells and committed progenitor cells of B lymphoid and myeloid lineages
[en] human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells ; NOD/SCID-repopulating cells ; progenitor cells of B lymphoid
[en] Background Bone marrow (BM) mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) support proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) in vitro. Since they represent a rare subset of BM cells, MSC preparations for clinical purposes involves a preparative step of ex vivo multiplication. The aim of our study was to analyze the influence of culture duration on MSC supportive activity. DESIGN AND METHODS: MSC were expanded for up to 10 passages. MSC and CD34(+) cells were seeded in cytokine-free co-cultures after which the phenotype, clonogenic capacity and in vivo repopulating activity of harvested hematopoietic cells were assessed. RESULTS: Early passage MSC supported HPC expansion and differentiation toward both B lymphoid and myeloid lineages. Late passage MSC did not support HPC and myeloid cell outgrowth but maintained B cell supportive ability. In vitro maintenance of NOD/SCID mouse repopulating cells cultured for one week in contact with MSC was effective until the fourth MSC passage and declined afterwards. CD34(+) cells achieved higher levels of engraftment in NOD/SCID mice when co-injected with early passage MSC; however MSC expanded beyond 9 passages were ineffective in promoting CD34(+) cell engraftment. Non-contact cultures indicated that MSC supportive activity involved diffusible factors. Among these, interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 contributed to the supportive activity of early passage MSC but not of late passage MSC. MSC phenotype as well as fat, bone and cartilage differentiation capacity did not change during MSC culture. Conclusions Extended MSC culture alters their supportive ability toward HPC without concomitant changes in phenotype and differentiation capacity.