Reference : De novo C16- and C24-ceramide generation contributes to spontaneous neutrophil apoptosis.
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Anatomy (cytology, histology, embryology...) & physiology
Life sciences : Veterinary medicine & animal health
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/7856
De novo C16- and C24-ceramide generation contributes to spontaneous neutrophil apoptosis.
English
Seumois, Gregory [> > > >]
Fillet, Marianne mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de pharmacie > Analyse des médicaments >]
Gillet, Laurent mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > Immunologie et vaccinologie >]
Faccinetto, Céline [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > GIGA-R : Génétique générale et humaine >]
Desmet, Christophe mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de sciences fonctionnelles > GIGA-R : Biochimie et biologie moléculaire >]
Francois, Cédric mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de sciences fonctionnelles > Physiologie >]
Dewals, Benjamin G mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > Immunologie et vaccinologie >]
Oury, Cécile mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > GIGA-R : Génétique générale et humaine >]
Vanderplasschen, Alain mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > Immunologie et vaccinologie >]
Lekeux, Pierre mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de sciences fonctionnelles > Physiologie - Doyen de la Faculté de Médecine vétérinaire >]
Bureau, Fabrice mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de sciences fonctionnelles > GIGA-R : Biochimie et biologie moléculaire >]
2007
Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Wiley Liss, Inc.
81
6
1477-1486
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0741-5400
New York
NY
[en] Apoptosis ; Caspases/metabolism ; Cells, Cultured ; GM-CSF ; Granulocytes ; survival
[en] Neutrophils rapidly undergo spontaneous apoptosis following their release from the bone marrow. Although central to leukocyte homeostasis, the mechanisms that regulate neutrophil apoptosis remain poorly understood. We show here that apoptosis of cultured neutrophils is preceded by a substantial increase in the intracellular levels of 16 and 24 carbon atom (C(16)- and C(24))-ceramides, which are lipid second messengers of apoptosis and stress signaling. Treatment of neutrophils with fumonisin B(2), a selective inhibitor of the de novo pathway of ceramide synthesis, prevented accumulation of C(16)- and C(24)-ceramides. Moreover, fumonisin B(2) significantly reduced caspase-3, -8, and -9 activation and apoptosis in these cells. Conversely, 3-O-methylsphingomyelin and fantofarone, which are specific inhibitors of neutral and acid sphingomyelinases, respectively, neither inhibited C(16)- and C(24)-ceramide production nor decreased the apoptosis rate in neutrophils, indicating that in these cells, ceramides are not generated from membrane sphingomyelin. Further experiments showed that increasing endogenous C(16)- and C(24)-ceramide levels by using DL-threo-1-phenyl-2-palmitoylamino-3-morpholino-1-propanol and (1S,2R)-D-erythro-2-(N-myristoylamino)-1-phenyl-1-propanol, two inhibitors of ceramide metabolism, enhances caspase-3, -8, and -9 activity and increases neutrophil apoptosis. Similarly, apoptosis was induced rapidly when synthetic C(16)- and/or C(24)-ceramides were added to neutrophil cultures. Finally, GM-CSF, a cytokine that delays neutrophil apoptosis, abrogated C(16)- and C(24)-ceramide accumulation totally in cultured neutrophils, whereas Fas ligation accelerated apoptosis in these cells without affecting de novo ceramide production. We conclude that de novo generation of C(16)- and C(24)-ceramides contributes to spontaneous neutrophil apoptosis via caspase activation and that GM-CSF exerts its antiapoptotic effects on neutrophils, at least partly through inhibition of ceramide accumulation.
Researchers ; Professionals
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/7856
10.1189/jlb.0806529

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