Gilbert, Bernard[Université de Liège - ULg > Département de chimie (sciences) > Département de chimie (sciences) >]
Echem 2010 Conference on Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids
March 14-19, 2010
[en] ionic liquids ; Strehlow acidity function ; Hydrogen electrode
[en] The acidity level in ILs containing acid was first determined using the Hammett acidity function (H0)1-2 in our laboratory. It was demonstrated that this attainable acidity, extending from -3 to -8, is exclusively depending of the nature of anion and follow the order: PF6 > BF4 > NTf2 > OTf. Nevertheless, the Hammett acidity function is an apparent function in this media and must then be corrected for. Consequently, in a second step, we tried to evaluate directly the proton activity from the determination of a potentiometric acidity function (R0) based on the extrathermodynamic Strehlow assumption.3 Therefore, the equilibrium potential of the H+/H2 couple was measured with an hydrogen electrode versus the ferricinium/ferrocene couple for which the potential is considered as independent of the solvent.