[en] Geothermal resources, especially groundwater resources, are increasingly used around the world. It is therefore necessary to improve the characterisation of thermal parameters of the aquifers. This is done mostly with thermal response tests. In this work, we monitored with electrical resistivity tomography a geothermal test on the campus of Ghent University (Belgium). We injected warm water (45°C) into a sandy aquifer where the groundwater has a temperature of 10°C at a rate of 100 liter/hour during three days. Laboratory measurements indicated that we could expect at most a change of 2%/°C of the water electrical conductivity. The time-lapse series of electrical images show clearly the thermal plume corresponding to the injected water with a maximum change of minus 20% after 72 hours of injection. A comparison with a geothermal model shows that the anomaly is well detected but also distorded due to the inversion regularization (smoothness constraint). ERT enabled to follow the evolution of the injected heated water with more spatial coverage that traditionnal techniques. ERT is thus an interesting tool to monitor the exploitation of geothermal resources. In the future, it will be necessary to improve the inversion process to use quantitavely such results in a calibration process.