[en] Animals ; Humans ; Receptors, Thromboxane/antagonists & inhibitors/therapeutic use ; Sulfonylurea Compounds/chemical synthesis/pharmacology/therapeutic use ; Thromboxane-A Synthase/antagonists & inhibitors/pharmacology/therapeutic use
[en] BM-573 (N-terbutyl-N'-[2-(4'-methylphenylamino)-5-nitro-benzenesulfonyl]urea), a torsemide derivative, is a novel non-carboxylic dual TXA2 synthase inhibitor and receptor antagonist. The pharmacological profile of the drug is characterized by a higher affinity for the thromboxane receptor than that of SQ-29548, one of the most powerful antagonists described to date, by a complete prevention of human platelet aggregation induced by arachidonic acid at a lower dose than either torsemide or sulotroban, and by a significantly prolonged closure time measured by the platelet function analyser (PFA-100). Moreover, at the concentrations of 1 and 10 microM, BM-573 completely prevented production of TXB2 by human platelets activated by 0.6 mM of arachidonic acid. BM-573 prevents rat fundus contraction induced by U-46619 but not by prostacyclin or other prostaglandins. Despite possessing a chemical structure very similar to that of a diuretic torsemide, BM-573 has no diuretic activity. BM-573 does not prolong bleeding time and, unlike some of the other sulfonylureas, has no effect on blood glucose levels. In vivo, BM-573 appears to have antiplatelet and antithrombotic activities since it reduced thrombus weight and prolonged the time to abdominal aorta occlusion induced by ferric chloride. BM-573 also relaxed rat aorta and guinea pig trachea precontracted with U-46619. In pigs, BM-573 completely antagonized pulmonary hypertensive effects of U-46619 and reduced the early phase of pulmonary hypertension in models of endotoxic shock and pulmonary embolism. Finally, BM-573 protected pigs from myocardial infarction induced by coronary thrombosis. These results suggest that BM-573 should be viewed as a promising therapeutic agent in the treatment of pulmonary hypertension and syndromes associated with platelet activation.