|Reference : Estimate of total salt intake in two regions of Belgium through analysis of sodium in 24...|
|Scientific journals : Article|
|Human health sciences : Public health, health care sciences & services|
|Estimate of total salt intake in two regions of Belgium through analysis of sodium in 24h urine samples|
|Vandevijvere, Stéphanie [ > > ]|
|De Keyzer, W. [ > > ]|
|Chapelle, Jean-Paul [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de pharmacie > Chimie médicale >]|
|Jeanne, Delphine [Université de Liège - ULg > > Chimie médicale >]|
|Mouillet, G. [ > > ]|
|Huybrechts, I. [ > > ]|
|Hulshof, P. [ > > ]|
|Van Oyen, H. [ > > ]|
|European Journal of Clinical Nutrition|
|Nature Publishing Group|
|Yes (verified by ORBi)|
|[en] salt intake ; urine samples ; Belgium|
|[en] Objectives: To evaluate total salt intake in the adult population through an analysis of sodium in 24-h urine samples in two regions of Belgium.
Methods: Urine samples were collected over 24 h from participants and they had to complete a specific questionnaire about salt intake afterwards. Sodium and creatinine concentrations were analysed in these samples.
Subjects: The target population comprised adults aged 45–65 years in the region of Ghent and Liege. A total of 123 and 157 volunteers from Ghent and Liege, respectively, were included in the study.
Results: The mean creatinine level in Flanders (n=114) amounted to 0.173±0.035 mmol/kg/day, whereas in the Walloon region (n=135) it amounted to 0.161±0.036 mmol/kg/day, after the exclusion of subjects with incomplete urine collection. Intake of sodium in Flanders (n=114) was 4.29±1.29 g/day, whereas in the Walloon region (n=135) it was 3.94±1.44 g/day. In both regions, sodium intake in men was higher than in women.
Conclusion: Salt intake was more or less twice as high as the recommended intake. Salt intake as estimated from 24-h urine collections is substantially higher than that previously calculated on the basis of food consumption data. A salt reduction programme for Belgium is primordial.
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