|Reference : Extinction debt and colonization credit: When both phenomena are integrated|
|Scientific congresses and symposiums : Unpublished conference/Abstract|
|Life sciences : Environmental sciences & ecology|
|Extinction debt and colonization credit: When both phenomena are integrated|
|Piqueray, Julien [Université de Liège - ULg > Forêts, Nature et Paysage > Biodiversité et Paysage >]|
|Cristofoli, Sara [> >]|
|Bisteau, Emmanuelle [> >]|
|Palm, Rodolphe [Université de Liège - ULg > Sciences agronomiques > Statistique, Inform. et Mathém. appliquée à la bioingénierie >]|
|Mahy, Grégory [Université de Liège - ULg > Forêts, Nature et Paysage > Biodiversité et Paysage >]|
|7th European Congress on Ecological Restoration|
|[en] Calcareous grasslands are among the most species-rich ecosystems in temperate countries. These ecosystems suffered a high fragmentation process during the last century. Fragmentation can lead to the creation of an extinction debt in remaining habitat patches. In our study site, it was shown in a previous study that Fragmented habitat patches (area loss since 1965 >80%) exhibited an extinction debt in comparison to Stable habitat patches (area loss since 1965 <80%). However, human activities also created new habitat patches in the landscape and provided therefore opportunities for calcareous grassland plant species to colonize new sites. They also provide opportunities for studying species colonization abilities in the context of habitat restoration. We analyzed species richness in these new patches in comparison to old patches in order to detect colonization credit. When taking as reference Fragmented patches (that exhibit an extinction debt) or all old patches (Fragmented and Stable), we concluded to the occurrence of a colonization credit in New patches. However, when the reference is Stable patches (the less likely to exhibit an extinction debt) alone, no colonization credit could be detected. Moreover, correspondence analysis revealed that New patches were similar to old patches in term of species composition. These results are encouraging for restoration programs. They also showed that the presence of an extinction debt in reference habitats can lead to mistaken conclusion in restoration monitoring. Extinction debt occurrence should be taken into account in the choice of reference habitats for evaluation of restoration success.|
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