Reference : Regulation of the alternative oxidase Aox1 gene in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Role of...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Phytobiology (plant sciences, forestry, mycology...)
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/70694
Regulation of the alternative oxidase Aox1 gene in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Role of the nitrogen source on the expression of a reporter gene under the control of the Aox1 promoter
English
Baurain, Denis mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des Sciences de la Vie > Génétique des microorganismes > >]
Dinant, Monique [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des Sciences de la Vie > Génétique des microorganismes > >]
Coosemans, Nadine mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des Sciences de la Vie > Génétique des microorganismes > >]
Matagne, René-Fernand mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des Sciences de la Vie > Génétique des microorganismes > >]
Mar-2003
Plant Physiology
Amer Soc Plant Biologists
131
3
1418-1430
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0032-0889
Rockville
[en] In higher plants, various developmental and environmental conditions enhance expression of the alternative oxidase (AOX), whereas its induction in fungi is mainly dependent on cytochrome pathway restriction and triggering by reactive oxygen species. The AOX of the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is encoded by two different genes, the Aox1 gene being much more transcribed than Aox2. To analyze the transcriptional regulation of Aox1, we have fused its 1.4-kb promoter region to the promoterless arylsulfatase (Ars) reporter gene and measured ARS enzyme activities in transformants carrying the chimeric construct. We show that the Aox1 promoter is generally unresponsive to a number of known AOX inducers, including stress agents, respiratory inhibitors, and metabolites, possibly because the AOX activity is constitutively high in the alga. In contrast, the Aox1 expression is strongly dependent on the nitrogen source, being down-regulated by ammonium and stimulated by nitrate. Inactivation of nitrate reductase leads to a further increase of expression. The stimulation by nitrate also occurs at the AOX protein and respiratory levels. A deletion analysis of the Aox1 promoter region demonstrates that a short upstream segment (-253 to +59 with respect to the transcription start site) is sufficient to ensure gene expression and regulation, but that distal elements are required for full gene expression. The observed pattern of AOX regulation points to the possible interaction between chloroplast and mitochondria in relation to a potential increase of photogenerated ATP when nitrate is used as a nitrogen source.
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/70694
10.1104/pp.013409
http://www.plantphysiol.org/cgi/content/full/131/3/1418

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