EUROCK2010: Rock Mechanics in Civil and Environmental Engineering
CRC Press Balkema
15-18 juin 2010
[en] The mechanical behaviours of geomaterials are significantly affected by the presence of voids or cracks-like defects. The modelling of such behaviour is classically performed by considering purely macroscopic or micromechanically-based damage models. In the perspective of applications in civil engineering or in geomechanics, we propose in this paper to evaluate a homogenization approach, based on Mori-Tanaka scheme, applied to microcracked materials. In order to provide an appropriate interpretation of the nonlinear behaviour at macro-scale, the crack-induced damage is coupled to friction phenomena on closed cracks lips. The predictions of the coupled model are first analysed on laboratory tests performed on Callovo-Oxfordian Clay. Then, they are extended to a numerical analysis of excavation damaged zones around tunnels.