Reference : Risk factors for first-ever low back pain among workers in their first employment
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Orthopedics, rehabilitation & sports medicine
Human health sciences : Rheumatology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/66545
Risk factors for first-ever low back pain among workers in their first employment
English
Van Nieuwenhuyse, A. [> > > >]
Fatkhutdinova, L. [> > > >]
Verbeke, G. [> > > >]
Pirenne, Danièle mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences de la santé publique > Santé au travail et éducation pour la santé (STES) >]
Johannik, K. [> > > >]
Somville, Pierre-René mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des Sciences de la Santé Publique > Santé au Travail et Education pour la Santé (STES) > >]
Mairiaux, Philippe mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences de la santé publique > Santé au travail et éducation pour la santé (STES) >]
Moens, G. F. [> > > >]
Masschelein, R. [> > > >]
Dec-2004
Occupational Medicine-Oxford
Oxford Univ Press
54
8
513-519
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0962-7480
Oxford
[en] Cross-sectional ; First employment ; Low back pain ; Risk factors ; Young
[fr] Etude transversale ; Premier emploi ; Lombalgie ; Facteurs de risque ; Jeune
[en] Background Low back pain has been estimated to be the most costly ailment of people of working age. Both work characteristics and individual factors have been identified as risk factors. The first interaction between work characteristics and individual factors occurs when workers start in their first job. Aims To investigate work-related risk factors for first-ever low back pain in young workers in their first employment. Methods A cross-sectional analysis was performed on 278 young workers in their first employment and without a history of low back pain prior to working. Work-related physical factors, psychosocial work characteristics, individual variables and first-ever low back pain were queried by means of a questionnaire. Results About half of the workers who developed low back pain after job start did so in the first year of employment. An increased risk was observed for (i) long periods of seated work [relative risk (RR) = 3.2, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.6-6.4]; (ii) more than 12 flexion or rotation movements of the trunk per hour (RR = 3.0, 95% CI = 1.4-6.4); and (iii) more than 3 years seniority in a job involving lifting more than 25 kg at least once an hour (RR = 3.7, 95% CI = 1.4-9.4). As to psychosocial work characteristics, first-ever low back pain was associated with a combination of low psychological job demands and low supervisor support. Conclusion Work-related physical factors and psychosocial work characteristics should be considered as risk factors for first-ever low back pain. First-ever episodes of low back pain are common in the first year of employment. This may reflect a lack of work experience or training.
Services Fédéraux des Affaires Scientifiques, Techniques et Culturelles - SSTC
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/66545
10.1093/occmed/kqh091
http://occmed.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/54/8/513
The authors acknowledge Oxford University Press for allowing them to archive this paper

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