|Reference : Proteomic analysis of telomerase inhibition by telomere specific ligands|
|Scientific congresses and symposiums : Paper published in a journal|
|Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology|
|Proteomic analysis of telomerase inhibition by telomere specific ligands|
|Mazzucchelli, Gabriel [Université de Liège - ULg > > Center for Analytical Research and Technology (CART) >]|
|Gabelica, Valérie [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de chimie (sciences) > GIGA-R : Laboratoire de spectrométrie de masse (L.S.M.) >]|
|Smargiasso, Nicolas [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de chimie (sciences) > GIGA-R : Laboratoire de spectrométrie de masse (L.S.M.) >]|
|Rosu, Frédéric [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de chimie (sciences) > GIGA-R : Laboratoire de spectrométrie de masse (L.S.M.) >]|
|Gillet, Marie-Claire [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > Histologie - Cytologie - Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques >]|
|Riou, Jean-François [Regulation et Dynamique des Genomes, Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, USM 503, INSERM U565, CNRS UMR 5153, Paris, France > > > >]|
|De Pauw, Edwin [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de chimie (sciences) > GIGA-R : Laboratoire de spectrométrie de masse (L.S.M.) >]|
|JG Delinassios Anticancer Research|
|8th International Conference of Anticancer Research|
|17-22 October 2008|
|[en] mass spectrometry ; telomerase ; G-quadruplex ; DNA ; noncovalent ; telomere ; proteomics|
|[en] Telomeres consist of protein complexes and repeated ‘TTAGGG’ double strand DNA sequences ended by a 3’ single strand DNA of the same sequence. Progressive telomere shortening is observed in vitro upon cell divisions and with ageing in vivo. At a critical telomere length, shortened telomeres trigger a permanent growth arrest known as replicative senescence. Telomerase is an RNA-dependent DNA polymerase that extends telomeres by adding ‘TTAGGG’ repeats. It consists of a functional RNA component (hTR) which serves as template and a catalytic protein (hTERT) with reverse transcriptase activity. The expression of hTERT alone is sufficient for the immortalisation of cells. Telomerase is highly expressed in tumor cells but at very low level in most somatic cells. These observations make the telomerase an attractive target for anticancer strategies. One of these strategies relies on the use of drug candidates able to stabilize the particular telomere G-quadruplex DNA structures. The stabilization of these structures makes the telomere inaccessible for telomerase and thus inhibits telomerase activity.
The effect of the hTERT transfection was first studied on the proteome of human WI38 fibroblast cells (1). Then, the proteome alteration response of hTERT transfected WI38 cells induced by the treatment of two G-quadruplexes ligands, telomestatin and TMPyP4, was analyzed. Both compounds can inhibit telomerase but have different selectivity for the different G-quadruplexes structures.
Proteome analysis of the treated cells reveals that TMPyP4 induces much more protein expression alterations than telomestatin probably due to its poor selectivity. TMPyP4 induces especially a drastic down expression of the hnRNPs, a modulation of the proteasome pathway, an apparent decrease of the translation and an over expression of several molecular chaperones. Telomestatin induces in particular an over expression of the protein BCL2A1 which is involved in drug resistance
of cancer cells and a probable increase of the translation. Both treatments have a common effect particularly on the molecular chaperone CCT (down expression), HSP90 alpha (over expression) and hnRNP D (down expression). The protein HSP90 alpha is also over expressed in hTERT transfected cells compared to parental cells. This protein is already a promising anticancer target protein due to its central role in oncogenesis and in telomerase activity regulation.
1 Mazzucchelli et al: Proteome Science 6: 12, 2008.
|Giga-Systems Biology and Chemical Biology ; Centre Interfacultaire d'Analyse des Résidus en Traces - CART|
|Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS|
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