|Reference : Use of clinical biology techniques in clinical practice: injections of platelet-rich ...|
|Scientific congresses and symposiums : Paper published in a journal|
|Human health sciences : Orthopedics, rehabilitation & sports medicine|
Human health sciences : Laboratory medicine & medical technology
|Use of clinical biology techniques in clinical practice: injections of platelet-rich plasma to heal tendon|
|Kaux, Jean-François [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > Département des sciences cliniques >]|
|Le Goff, Caroline [Université de Liège - ULg > > Chimie médicale >]|
|Drion, Pierre [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > GIGA-R:Méth. expér.des anim. de labo et éth. en expér. anim. - GIGA-R : Services généraux de l'Université >]|
|Pascon, Frédéric [Université de Liège - ULg > Département Argenco : Secteur GEO3 > Géomécanique et géologie de l'ingénieur >]|
|Libertiaux, Vincent [Université de Liège - ULg > Département Argenco : Secteur MS2F > Mécanique des solides >]|
|Gothot, André [Université de Liège - ULg > > Hématologie biologique et immuno hématologie >]|
|Cescotto, Serge [Université de Liège - ULg > Département Argenco : Secteur MS2F > Mécanique des solides >]|
|Defraigne, Jean-Olivier [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > Chirurgie cardio-vasculaire et thoracique >]|
|Rickert, Markus [> >]|
|Crielaard, Jean-Michel [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences de la motricité > Evaluation et entraînement des aptitudes physiques - Médecine physique et réadaptation fonctionnelle >]|
|American Association for Clinical Chemistry|
|Abstracts of the Scientific Posters, 2010 AACC Annual Meeting|
|Yes (verified by ORBi)|
|2010 AACC’s Annual Meeting|
|July 25-29, 2010|
|American Association for Clinical Chemistry|
|[en] Introduction: A tendon is a tissue which does not heal easily. For example, tendinopathy is a condition which often becomes chronic in the case of bad or overdue management. Several studies, essentially in vitro and, more recently, a few in clinical practice, have demonstrated the positive effects of platelets on the healing process of tendons. A local injection of platelet–rich plasma (PRP), which releases many growth factors, has the potentiality to enhance the tendon healing process. The aim of our experiment was to ascertain whether the use of PRP could accelerate the healing process of an Achilles tendon after a surgically induced lesion.
Methods (*): PRP was obtained from the blood of 12 Sprague Dawley rats by cardiac puncture under general anaesthesia until the heart stopped beating. Quantities of 1mL of anticoagulant, adenosine-citrate-dextrose-acid (ACD-A), were added immediately to each 4,5mL of blood. The blood was then centrifuged at 180g for 10 minutes. To improve platelet concentration of the PRP, the supernatant was centrifuged for a second time at 1000g for 10 minutes. The platelets were then collected using a gauge pipette. Cell and platelet counts were made by an auto-analyser. Platelet concentration was around 2.2 to 2.9 x106/mm³.
A 5mm defect was surgically induced in the Achilles tendon of 60 rats. Rats were divided into 2 groups of 30: A: a control group (no injection) and B: with a PRP injection. The rats of group B received a PRP injection in situ 1 hour after the surgery on the site of the lesion of the Achilles tendon. Fifty micro-litres of PRP were injected in each rat of the PRP group. Platelets were activated by the local presence of collagen in the wound. Afterwards, the rats of both groups were placed in their cages without immobilization. After 5, 15 and 30 days, 10 rats of each group were euthanized. The traumatized Achilles tendon of each rat was dissected and removed. Immediately after sampling, tendons were submitted to a biomechanical tensile test up to rupture, using a tensile machine with a “Cryo-jaw”.
Results: We demonstrated that the force necessary to induce tendon rupture during biomechanical tensile testing was greater for tendons which had been submitted to an injection of PRP. These results were observed and significant (p<0.05) from day 5 onwards.
Discussion: This experimentation showed that PRP injections could accelerate the tendon healing process and increase the force needed to break tendons in their healing process. This “accelerating” process can be observed and is significant (p<0.05) as early as day 5.
Conclusion: PRP, by the local release of growth factors, would be a new therapeutic tool to accelerate tendon healing.
Acknowledgement: This experimentation was partially financed by “Standard de Liège” and “Lejeune-Lechien” grants.
(*) All experimental procedures and protocols used in this investigation were reviewed and approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of the University of Liège.
|Researchers ; Professionals|
|Abstract being selected to be presented at the Genzyme Student Poster Contest at the 2010 AACC Annual Meeting in Anaheim, California.
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