|Reference : Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) secondary metabolites quantification in relation with aposema...|
|Scientific congresses and symposiums : Poster|
|Life sciences : Multidisciplinary, general & others|
|Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) secondary metabolites quantification in relation with aposematism : Part II : Pyrazine quantification|
|Fischer, Christophe [Université de Liège - ULg > > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]|
|Heuskin, Stéphanie [Université de Liège - ULg > > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]|
|Marlet, Christelle [Université de Liège - ULg > > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]|
|Durieux, Delphine [Université de Liège - ULg > > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]|
|Laurent, Pascal [Université de Liège - ULg > > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]|
|Verheggen, François [Université de Liège - ULg > > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]|
|Lognay, Georges [Université de Liège - ULg > > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]|
|Eleventh International Symposium on Hyphenated Techniques in Chromatography (HTC-11)|
|du 27 janvier 2010 au 29 janvier 2010|
|Catholic University College Bruges-Ostend (KHBO)|
|[en] Harmonia axyridis ; Methoxypyrazine ; Aposematism ; Thermodesorption ; Coccinellidae|
|[en] The main objective of this study is to investigate the presence of links between chemical defences and warning signals presented by Harmonia axyridis (Pallas), the multicoloured Asian ladybird (Insects: Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). This second part describes an original quantification method for 2-isopropyl-3-methoxypyrazine (IPMP) by active sampling on thermally desorbed adsorbent (TD) coupled with GC-MS analysis. This highly odorous compound is supposed to be implicated in intra- and interspecific communication. In order to allow harmonine quantification (a defence alkaloid, see Part 1), this method avoid any hemolymph loses by the ladybird (Coccinellids can emit hemolymph when stressed). This method is non-lethal and applicable on one single insect.
The quantification method has been validated from 37,5pg to 10 000 pg per adsorbent cartridge. On this range, there is no breakthrough and desorption is complete (>99.4%). At the LOQ (37.5pg/cartridge), the bias is of 20%, but rapidly decreased to less than 5% on the rest of the validated range (100 to 10 000 pg/cartridge). According to AOAC (2006) norm, this method is repeatable but not reproducible.
The IPMP emission rate following a stress has been quantified on 80 H. axyridis grouped in four classes on basis of the morph type and the elytra hue. Males and females emission rates did not significantly differ. The mean emission rate is of 707 pg/4h with an extremely high standard deviation of 1766pg/4h due to a great individual variability and a strongly asymmetric distribution of the results.
These results and those of the harmonine and colour analysis have been statistically analyzed in order to show potential correlations between these factors. It seems that elytra colour is linked with the insect IPMP emission rate. Individuals with a melanic red colour presented IPMP emission rate significantly lower than other studied colours. The harmonine content does not seem linked to the pyrazine emission rate.
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