Reference : Prevalence of ermB, ermTR and mefA/B gene classes among erythromycine resistant group...
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Poster
Human health sciences : Immunology & infectious disease
Human health sciences : Laboratory medicine & medical technology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/61229
Prevalence of ermB, ermTR and mefA/B gene classes among erythromycine resistant group B streptococcus isolates collected in Belgium
English
MELIN, Pierrette mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Microbiologie médicale >]
Rodriguez Cuns, Grisel [Universitad de la Republica, Montevideo, Uruguay > > > >]
Tsobo, Chantal [ > > ]
HAYETTE, Marie-Pierre mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Microbiologie médicale >]
CHRISTIAENS, Geneviève mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Direction médicale >]
De Mol, Patrick mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > Microbiologie médicale et virologie médicale >]
Oct-2001
Yes
No
International
39th Annual meeting of the Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA)
du 25 au 28 octobre 2001
Infectious Disease Society of America - IDSA
San Francisco
USA
[en] Group B streptococci ; erythromycin resistance ; resistance mechanism ; resistance genes ; Belgium ; clinical isolates
[en] Background: Emergence of erythromycin (Er) and clindamycin (C) resistance (R) observed in GBS, is currently becoming recognized.
Methods: Clinical isolates were obtained from a Belgian surveillance for invasive GBS disease in newborns and adults in 1996-1998 (N1=235) and from consecutive specimens submitted, during 1999-2000, to the University hospital of Liege (N2=165). MICs of Er were determined buy using Etest® strip (interpretive
criteria of NCCLS). Furthermore, for the ErR isolates, the inducible (iMLS), constitutive (cMLS) and M phenotypes were assessed by disk diffusion and by a double-disk test; the distribution of genes encoding RNA methylases and efflux pumps was investigated by PCR.
Results: Of the N1 and N2 isolates, 16 (6.8%) and 19 (11.5%) were respectively R to Er. Among these 35 ErR isolates, 21 (60%) exhibited the cMLS phenotype. They demonstrated a high level R to Er with MICs ranging from 16 to >256 mg/L. The ermB gene was harbored by 19/21 isolates, the ermTR gene by 1 isolate and both ermB and ermTR were present in another isolate. The iMLS phenotype was observed in 10 (29%) ErR isolates; the ermTR gene was present in all isolates except one harboring an ermTR gene. These strains demonstrated low level of R to Er, with MICs of 1-12 mg/L. All 4 isolates (11%) expressing an M phenotype,
displayed low level R to Er alone (MICs, 2 mg/L) and were positive for the mefA/B gene.
Conclusion: In Belgium, by year 2000, prevalence of R to macrolide in GBS exceeded 10%. R was mainly caused by target-site modification (ermB, ermTR) mechanisms; efflux (mefA/B) R mechanism was also prevalent among the isolates tested. These results indicate the possibility of inappropriate prophylaxis
or therapy using C or E as the recommended alternatives in penicillin-allergic patients.
Researchers ; Professionals
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/61229

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