Reference : Global auroral conductance distribution due to electron and proton precipitation from...
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Multidisciplinary, general & others
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Earth sciences & physical geography
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/6059
Global auroral conductance distribution due to electron and proton precipitation from IMAGE-FUV observations
English
Coumans, Valérie mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Labo de physique atmosphérique et planétaire (LPAP) >]
Gérard, Jean-Claude mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'astrophys.]
Hubert, Benoît mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Labo de physique atmosphérique et planétaire (LPAP) >]
Meurant, M. [> > > >]
Mende, S. B. [University of California, Berkeley > SSL > > >]
2004
Annales Geophysicae [= ANGEO]
European Geophysical Soc
22
5
1595-1611
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0992-7689
Katlenburg-Lindau
[en] ionosphere ; auroral ionosphere ; ionosphere-magnetosphere interactions ; particle precipitation
[en] The Far Ultraviolet (FUV) imaging system on board the IMAGE satellite provides a global view of the north auroral region in three spectral channels, including the SI 12 camera sensitive to Doppler shifted Lyman-alpha emission. FUV images are used to produce instantaneous maps of electron mean energy and energy fluxes for precipitated protons and electrons. We describe a method to calculate ionospheric Hall and Pedersen conductivities induced by auroral proton and electron ionization based on a model of interaction of auroral particles with the atmosphere. Different assumptions on the energy spectral distribution for electrons and protons are compared. Global maps of ionospheric conductances due to instantaneous observation of precipitating protons are calculated. The contribution of auroral protons in the total conductance induced by both types of auroral particles is also evaluated and the importance of proton precipitation is evaluated. This method is well adapted to analyze the time evolution of ionospheric conductances due to precipitating particles over the auroral region or in particular sectors. Results are illustrated with conductance maps of the north polar region obtained during four periods with different activity levels. It is found that the proton contribution to conductance is relatively higher during quiet periods than during substorms. The proton contribution is higher in the period before the onset and strongly decreases during the expansion phase of substorms. During a substorm which occurred on 28 April 2001, a region of strong proton precipitation is observed with SI 12 around 14:00MLT at similar to75degrees MLAT. Calculation of conductances in this sector shows that neglecting the protons contribution would produce a large error. We discuss possible effects of the proton precipitation on electron precipitation in aurora] arcs. The increase in the ionospheric conductivity, induced by a former proton precipitation can reduce the potential drop along field lines in the upward field-aligned currents by creating an opposite polarization electric field. This feedback mechanism possibly reduces the electron acceleration.
Professionals
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/6059

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