[en] OBJECTIVES: To determine long-term results of aortic valve replacement (AVR) in patients 80 years old or older, and assess the factors influencing perioperative outcome. METHODS: Data were reviewed on 83 consecutive octogenarians, undergoing aortic valve replacement between 1992 and 1997. There were 66 women and 17 men (mean age: 82.8 years). Fifty-seven patients (69%) were in New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III-IV and six had previous myocardial infarction. Three patients had previous percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty. There were 19 urgent procedures (23%). Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was performed on 21 patients (25%). Possible influence of preoperative and operative variables on early and late mortality was performed with univariate and multivariate statistical analysis, and survival was estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: Operative mortality was 13% (9% for AVR, 24% for AVR-CABG). Postoperative complications were respiratory failure in 19 patients, atrial fibrillation in 19, hemodialysis in four, myocardial infarction in four and stroke in two patients. Five patients required pacemaker insertion for permanent atrioventricular block. Median hospital stay and intensive care unit stay were 19.8 +/- 12.2 days and 7.9 +/- 3.4 days, respectively. Multivariate predictors of hospital death (P < 0.05) were percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty, NYHA class IV, and urgent procedure. Mean follow-up was 26.5 months. Survival at 1, 2, and 5 years was 98.5 +/- 1.4% (63 patients at risk), 93.4 +/- 3.2% (47 patients at risk), and 78.2 +/- 6.9% (six patients at risk), respectively. Preoperative myocardial infarction and urgent procedure were independent predictors of late death. At most recent follow-up, 91% were angina free and 81% were in class I-II. CONCLUSIONS: Aortic valve replacement in octogenarians can be performed with acceptable mortality. These results stress the importance of early operation on elderly patients with aortic valve disease. Both long-term survival and functional recovery are excellent.