[en] The injection of (C57BL/6 x BALB/c) F1 spleen cells into BALB/c newborn mice leads to activation of persisting F1 donor B cells and development of a lupus-like syndrome in tolerized BALB/c mice. This syndrome is characterized by hypergammaglobulinaemia, high levels of anti-DNA and anti-Sm antibodies, circulating immune complexes and deposits of immunoglobulin in renal glomeruli. The role of donor T cells in this model was investigated by injecting the newborn mice with F1 cells depleted in different T cell subsets by using specific monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs). Tolerance, as shown by an absence of H-2b-specific CTL alloreactivity and persistence of immunoglobulin bearing the donor allotype were observed in mice injected with F1 cells previously depleted in the CD4+ and/or CD8+ T cell subsets as well as in those which received Thy-1+-depleted F1 spleen cells. In these mice, a typical autoimmune syndrome was found, including splenomegaly and lymphadenopathy, anti-ssDNA and anti-aortic myosin IgG antibodies and renal deposition of immunoglobulin. However, some quantitative changes were seen: the levels of anti-aortic myosin antibodies were lower in mice tolerized with CD4+-depleted F1 cells than in those receiving untreated F1 cells. Conversely, higher levels of these autoantibodies were observed in mice tolerized with CD8+-depleted F1 cells. These results suggest that mature donor T cells are not necessary neither for the establishment of neonatal tolerance to alloantigens nor for the activation of F1 donor B cells in the production of the autoimmune syndrome in tolerant mice, but they may contribute in the regulation of the expression of autoreactive B cell clones.