[en] The scientific information about melanoma is on the rise. It has a direct impact on the diagnostic acuteness and on the therapeutic management. The most recent aspects of the utmost importance are presented. The concept of the duality between fast-growing (high malignancy) and slow-growing (reduced malignancy) melanoma is stressed. A new international multicentric approach using adjuvant therapy for stage III melanomas involves the clinical oncology department of the CHU of Liege. It concerns a targeted immunotherapy directed to the Mage A3 protein.