[en] Primary aldosteronism is a rare cause of hypertension. However, its incidence seems to be underestimated. It is important to identify this syndrom since the disease is potentially curable. In the present paper, we depict different forms of primary aldosteronism as well as the diagnostic procedures. When the diagnosis is suspected (hypertension associated to spontaneous or diuretic-induced hypokaliemia), the more efficient screening test is the determination of the aldosteron/renin ratio. Saline infusion or posture tests can thereafter confirm the diagnosis. Differential diagnosis between bilateral and unilateral forms of primary aldosteronism can be made by CT-scanner and the response of aldosterone to the posture test. Such a complex assessment leads to the identification of patients who can be surgically treated. This treatment consists in a unilateral adrenalectomy which can be realised by laparoscopy.