Reference : Electrografting of acrylic and methacrylic monomers onto metals: influence of the relati...
Scientific journals : Article
Engineering, computing & technology : Materials science & engineering
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Chemistry
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/4338
Electrografting of acrylic and methacrylic monomers onto metals: influence of the relative polarity and donor-acceptor properties of the monomer and the solvent
English
Baute, Noëlle [University of Liège (ULg) > Department of Chemistry > Center for Education and Research on Macromolecules (CERM) > >]
Teyssié, Philippe [University of Liège (ULg) > Department of Chemistry > Center for Education and Research on Macromolecules (CERM) > >]
Martinot, Lucien [University of Liège (ULg) > Department of Chemistry > Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry and Radiochemistry > >]
Mertens, Marc [University of Liège (ULg) > Department of Chemistry > Center for Education and Research on Macromolecules (CERM) > >]
Dubois, Philippe [University of Liège (ULg) > Department of Chemistry > Center for Education and Research on Macromolecules (CERM) > >]
Jérôme, Robert mailto [University of Liège (ULg) > Department of Chemistry > Center for Education and Research on Macromolecules (CERM) > >]
Nov-1998
European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Wiley VCH Verlag
1998
11
1711-1720
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
1434-1948
[en] electropolymerization ; electrografting
[en] The possibility of grafting a series of alkyl polyacrylates and polymethacrylates onto a nickel cathode by electropoly-merization of the parent monomers has been investigated and has emphasized the critical importance of the solvent used. Indeed, the intensity of the inhibition peak, which is the electrochemical mark of the cathode passivation as result of the polymer grafting, clearly depends on both the polarity and the donor-acceptor properties of the solvent. The Gutmann concept is used to account for these experimental results. An increase in the donicity of the solvent used for the electrochemical medium has allowed, for the very first time, several polyacrylates and polymethacrylates [such as poly(ethyl acrylate), poly(methyl methacrylate), and poly(2-trimethylsilyloxyethyl methacrylate)] to be electrografted onto Ni. This observation is consistent with a competition process between the monomer and the solvent for being adsorbed on the cathode and amassing in its very close vicinity. The outcome of this competition is controlled by the relative polarity (in case of low donicity) and the relative donor-acceptor properties (when the difference is high enough) of the monomer/solvent pair, and by the monomer concentration (in case of weak competition). A semiquantitative relationship has also been observed between the monomer ability to be electrografted and the electron-accepting character of the vinyl β-carbon atom as measured by 13C NMR.
Center for Education and Research on Macromolecules (CERM)
Cockerill Sambre ; Politique Scientifique Fédérale (Belgique) = Belgian Federal Science Policy
Researchers
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/4338
10.1002/(SICI)1099-0682(199811)1998:11<1711::AID-EJIC1711>3.0.CO;2-X
http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/27788/PDFSTART

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