[en] Single point incremental forming ; nite element modeling ; force prediction ; material parameters identi cation ; inverse modeling
[en] The aim of this article is to study the accuracy of the nite element simulations to predict the tool force during the Single Point Incremental Forming process. The forming of two cones in soft aluminum was studied with two Finite Element (FE) codes and several constitutive laws (an elastic-plastic model coupled with different hardening approaches). The parameters of these laws were identi ed using tensile and shear tests, as well as an inverse approach taking into account a test similar to the incremental forming process. Comparisons between measured and predicted force values are performed. This article shows that three factors have an in uence
on the force prediction: the type of nite element, the constitutive law and the identi cation procedure for the material parameters. In addition, it con rms that a very detailed description of the behavior occurring across the thickness of the metal sheet is crucial for an accurate force prediction by FE simulations, even though a simple analytical formula could provide an otherwise acceptable answer.