Reference : Les lipases sont des hydrolases atypiques : principales caractéristiques et applications
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Microbiology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/40544
Les lipases sont des hydrolases atypiques : principales caractéristiques et applications
French
[en] Lipases Are Atypical Hydrolases: Principal Characteristics And Applications
Fickers, Patrick mailto [Université de Liège > > Centre d'ingénierie des protéines >]
Destain, Jacqueline mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]
Thonart, Philippe mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech - Biochimie et microbiologie industrielles >]
2008
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE]
12
2
119-130
Yes (verified by ORBi)
National
1370-6233
[en] Triacylglycerol acyl-hydrolases ; lipase ; E.C.3.1.1.3 ; hydrolase ; organic catalyst ; esterification
[en] Due to their kinetic and substrate specificities, triacylglycerol acyl-hydrolases or lipases are atypical enzymes. In function of their microenvironment, lipases are able to act as hydrolases in aqueous solution or as biocatalysts in organic synthesis. As hydrolases, they are responsible of the triglycerids catabolism into fatty acids and glycerol. In many organisms, this reaction plays a major role in the fat and lipid metabolism. In addition, lipases are also able to hydrolyse phospholipids and cholesterol esters. In organic solvent, lipases could catalyse reactions such as esterifications, acidolysis or alcoolysis with enantio-, regio- and chimioselectivity. Lipases form a mixed class of enzyme due to their animal, vegetal or microbial origins. All those properties led to the development of many applications in the food and chemical industries but also in the medical and therapeutic field.
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/40544

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