|Reference : Assessment of oviposition site quality by aphidophagous hoverflies: reaction to conspeci...|
|Scientific journals : Article|
|Life sciences : Agriculture & agronomy|
Life sciences : Entomology & pest control
|Assessment of oviposition site quality by aphidophagous hoverflies: reaction to conspecific larvae|
|Almohamad, Raki [ > > ]|
|Verheggen, François [Université de Liège - ULg > > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]|
|Francis, Frédéric [Université de Liège - ULg > > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]|
|Lognay, Georges [Université de Liège - ULg > > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]|
|Haubruge, Eric [Université de Liège - ULg > Services administratifs généraux > Vice-Recteur de Gembloux Agro Bio Tech - Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]|
|[en] Aphid ; conspecific larva ; Episyrphus balteatus ; hoverfly ; Larval tracks ; Myzus persicae ; oviposition-deterring substance ; oviposition site ; selection ; syrphid behaviour|
|[en] Aphidophagous predators adapt their foraging behaviour to the presence of conspecific and heterospecific larvae. We studied the effect of the presence of conspecific larvae and their tracks on the oviposition site selection of an aphid-specific predator, Episyrphus balteatus DeGeer (Diptera: Syrphidae), in two-choice experiments using a leaf disc bioassay. Gas chromatography – mass spectrometry analysis was used to identify the volatile chemicals released from odour extracts of E. balteatus larval tracks. The behavioural effects of these volatile substances on hoverfly females were also evaluated. Our experiments demonstrated that E. balteatus females were deterred from ovipositing when presented with a Vicia faba leaf with aphids and conspecific larvae. The oviposition-deterring stimulus was also active when females were presented with a leaf that contained conspecific larval tracks. A mixture of chemical compounds was found in the volatile pattern of odour extracts of larval tracks. The main volatile chemicals were 3-methylbutanoic acid, 2-methylbutanoic acid, 2-methylpropanoic acid, 3-hydroxy-
2-butanone, hexanoic acid and phenol. Females also laid significantly fewer eggs in response to odorant volatiles emitted from larval extracts. These results highlight that predatory hoverfly females avoid ovipositing in aphid colonies in which conspecific larvae or their tracks are already present, suggesting that this behaviour constitutes a strategy that enables females to optimize their oviposition site and reduce competition suffered by their offspring.
|Fonds de la Recherche Fondamentale Collective d'Initiative des Chercheurs - FRFC|
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