Reference : The influence of encoding style on the production of false memories in the DRM paradigm:...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Theoretical & cognitive psychology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/35956
The influence of encoding style on the production of false memories in the DRM paradigm: New insights on individual differences in false memory susceptibility?
English
[fr] influence du style d'encodage sur la production de faux souvenirs
Dehon, Hedwige mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cognitives > Psychologie cognitive >]
Laroi, Frank mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cognitives > Psychologie clinique cognitive et comportementale >]
Van der Linden, Martial mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cognitives > Psychopathologie cognitive >]
2011
Personality & Individual Differences
Pergamon Press - An Imprint of Elsevier Science
50
5
583-587
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0191-8869
Oxford
United Kingdom
[en] false memories ; individual differences ; encoding style
[fr] faux souvenirs ; différences individuelles ; style d'encodage
[en] Recent research has shown that there are individual differences in how preexisting (internal)
schemata (versus cues from the outside world) affect encoding processes, which can be
reliably assessed with the internal and external Encoding Style Questionnaire (ESQ, Lewicki,
2005). Since reliance on preexisting schemata at encoding has been found to increase the
production of false memories in the DRM paradigm (Roediger & McDermott, 1995), while
item-specific encoding has been shown to reduce it (see Gallo, 2006), it was examined
whether individual differences in encoding style affects the production of such false
memories. To this purpose, normal participants were asked to complete a French version of
the ESQ questionnaire (Billieux et al., 2009) and were presented with a modified DRM
procedure (Brédart, 2000) assessing false recall. The results showed a positive correlation
between ESQ scores and false recall showing that internal encoders were more susceptible to
false memories than external encoders.
Centre de Neurosciences Cognitives et Comportementales
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/35956

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