Reference : Discordance between bovine leukemia virus tax immortalization in vitro and oncogenici...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/35206
Discordance between bovine leukemia virus tax immortalization in vitro and oncogenicity in vivo.
English
Twizere, Jean-Claude mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]
Kerkhofs, Pierre [> > > >]
Burny, Arsène [> > > >]
Portetelle, Daniel mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]
Kettmann, Richard mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]
Willems, Luc mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > GIGA-Research - Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]
2000
Journal of Virology
American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
74
21
9895-902
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0022-538X
1098-5514
Washington
DC
[en] Animals ; Cattle ; Cell Line ; Cell Transformation, Neoplastic ; Cell Transformation, Viral ; Enzootic Bovine Leukosis/pathology/virology ; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic ; Gene Products, tax/genetics/metabolism ; Humans ; Leukemia Virus, Bovine/genetics/physiology ; Lymphocyte Count ; Mutation ; Phosphorylation ; Polymerase Chain Reaction ; Proviruses ; Recombination, Genetic ; Sheep ; Sheep Diseases/pathology/virology ; Viral Load ; Virus Replication
[en] Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) Tax protein, a transcriptional activator of viral expression, is essential for viral replication in vivo. Tax is believed to be involved in leukemogenesis because of its second function, immortalization of primary cells in vitro. These activities of Tax can be dissociated on the basis of point mutations within specific regions of the protein. For example, mutation of the phosphorylation sites at serines 106 and 293 abrogates immortalization potential in vitro but maintains transcriptional activity. This type of mutant is thus particularly useful for unraveling the role of Tax immortalization activity during leukemogenesis independently of viral replication. In this report, we describe the biological properties of BLV recombinant proviruses mutated in the Tax phosphorylation sites (BLVTax106+293). Titration of the proviral loads by semiquantitative PCR revealed that the BLV mutants propagated at wild-type levels in vivo. Furthermore, two animals (sheep 480 and 296) infected with BLVTax106+293 developed leukemia or lymphosarcoma after 16 and 36 months, respectively. These periods of time are within the normal range of latencies preceding the onset of pathogenesis induced by wild-type viruses. The phenotype of the mutant-infected cells was characteristic of a B lymphocyte (immunoglobulin M positive) expressing CD11b and CD5 (except at the final stage for the latter marker), a pattern that is typical of wild-type virus-infected target cells. Interestingly, the transformed B lymphocytes from sheep 480 also coexpressed the CD8 marker, a phenotype rarely observed in tumor biopsies from chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients. Finally, direct sequencing of the tax gene demonstrated that the leukemic cells did not harbor revertant proviruses. We conclude that viruses expressing a Tax mutant unable to transform primary cells in culture are still pathogenic in the sheep animal model. Our data thus provide a clear example of the discordant conclusions that can be drawn from in vitro immortalization assays and in vivo experiments. These observations could be of interest for other systems, such as the related human T-cell leukemia virus type 1, which currently lack animal models allowing the study of the leukemogenic process.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/35206
also: http://hdl.handle.net/2268/32471

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