Reference : Development of an original approach to evaluate effects of surfactants, biomass and p...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Microbiology
Engineering, computing & technology : Chemical engineering
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/34900
Development of an original approach to evaluate effects of surfactants, biomass and pollutants on the scaling-up of a two-phase partitioning bioreactor
English
[fr] Développement d'une aproche originale pour évaluer l'effet des surfactants, de la biomasse et des polluants sur l'extrapolation d'un réacteur biphasique
Aldric, Jean-Marc mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]
Gillet, Sébastien mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]
Delvigne, Frank mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech >]
Thonart, Philippe mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech - Biochimie et microbiologie industrielles >]
2010
Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology
John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
84
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0268-2575
Chichester
United Kingdom
[en] Two phase partitioning bioreactor ; scaling up ; gas treatment ; surfactant ; hydrophobic compound ; silicone oil
[en] BACKGROUND:
Two-phase partitioning bioreactors (TPPBs) are considered as a new technology for xenobiotic degradation in gaseous effluents. However, there is still a need for more knowledge on how to design and scale-up TPPBs. The partitioning of the two phases remains a misunderstood way of research. In particular, the impact of pollutant (isopropylbenzene), biomass and surfactant extract needs to be better evaluated.
RESULTS:.
An adaptated scale-down apparatus has been developed in order to quantify the speed of phase partitioning (SPP) into a plug flow section. Firstly, it was shown that isopropylbenzene (IPB) doesn’t destabilize more significantly the system. Secondly, respectively 0.5 g.L-1 and 0.05 g.L-1 of biomass and surfactant extract, separately or in mixture, were sufficient to ensure the stability of the two-phase system. Finally, a 100 m3 limit of scaling-up was suggested on the basis of the circulation time comparison.
CONCLUSION:
The scaling-up of an aqueous/silicone-oil TPPB was found to be definitely conceivable when the presence of biotic compounds were considered. However, further considerations are needed to verify our assumptions, in particular by taking into account the velocity field pattern in full-scale bioreactors and reproduce it in lab-scale apparatus.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/34900
10.1002/jctb.2340

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