Reference : On the Characteristics and Source Regions of Dayside Proton Precipitation
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Unpublished conference
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Space science, astronomy & astrophysics
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/33849
On the Characteristics and Source Regions of Dayside Proton Precipitation
English
Chua, D. H. mailto [E. O. Hulbert Center for Space Research, Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Ave SW Code 7607, Washington, DC 20375 United States ;]
Dymond, K. F. mailto [E. O. Hulbert Center for Space Research, Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Ave SW Code 7607, Washington, DC 20375 United States ;]
Budzien, S. A. mailto [E. O. Hulbert Center for Space Research, Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Ave SW Code 7607, Washington, DC 20375 United States ;]
Gérard, Jean-Claude mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Labo de physique atmosphérique et planétaire (LPAP) >]
Coumans, Valérie mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Labo de physique atmosphérique et planétaire (LPAP) >]
Frey, H. U. mailto [Space Science Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, 7 Gauss Way, #7450, Berkeley, 94720 United States ;]
1-Dec-2004
No
No
International
AGU Fall meeting
American Geophysical Union
San Francisco
USA
[en] 2407 Auroral ionosphere (2704) ; 2455 Particle precipitation ; 2736 Magnetosphere/ionosphere interactions ; 2740 Magnetospheric configuration and dynamics ; 2784 Solar wind/magnetosphere interactions
[en] The source regions of precipitating protons on the dayside and their dependence on solar wind conditions are studied using far-ultraviolet (FUV) spectral observations and imaging. The High-resolution Ionospheric and Thermospheric Spectrograph (HITS) aboard the Advanced Research and Global Observation Satellite (ARGOS) observes Doppler-shifted H Lyman-α emissions from precipitating protons with a spectral resolution of 1.5 Angstroms. The shapes of these Doppler spectra are indicative of the energy and pitch angle distributions of the proton precipitation. Global images of H Lyman-α emissions obtained by the SI-12 instrument on the IMAGE spacecraft are examined to relate the spectral observations to the dayside morphology of the proton aurora. During periods of sustained southward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF), the dayside proton aurora spectra exhibit broad Doppler shifts and are similar to those observed on the nightside with inferred mean energies typical of plasma sheet protons of magnetospheric origin. Global images of proton aurorae under these conditions show continuous regions of H Lyman-α emissions across the dayside extending from the nightside. In contrast, during periods of northward or variable IMF, proton aurora emissions on the dayside often appear in an isolated spot in the noon to late afternoon MLT sector. The Doppler-spectra of the proton emissions in these regions are narrow, indicating precipitation with low mean energies and from a different origin than that observed in the southward IMF cases. These spectra may be indicative of magnetosheath protons that have direct access to the ionosphere through high-latitude dayside reconnection. This study further quantifies the characteristics of dayside proton precipitation under various states of the magnetosphere and highlights the importance of IMF orientation on the coupling between the high-latitude, dayside ionosphere and its plasma sources at higher altitudes.
Researchers ; Professionals
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/33849
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004AGUFMSM43A1147C

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