Reference : Patients with Alzheimer's disease use metamemory to attenuate the Jacoby-Whitehouse i...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Neurosciences & behavior
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/33334
Patients with Alzheimer's disease use metamemory to attenuate the Jacoby-Whitehouse illusion.
English
Willems, Sylvie [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cognitives > Psychopathologie cognitive >]
Germain, Sophie [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cognitives > Neuropsychologie >]
Salmon, Eric mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Centre de Recherches du Cyclotron - Département des sciences cliniques > Neuroimagerie des troubles de la mémoire et révalid. cogn. > > >]
Van der Linden, Martial [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cognitives > Psychopathologie cognitive >]
May-2009
Neuropsychologia
47
12
2672-6
Yes
International
1873-3514
1873-3514
England
[en] Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Alzheimer Disease/complications/rehabilitation ; Female ; Humans ; Illusions/physiology ; Male ; Mental Recall ; Neuropsychological Tests ; Paired-Associate Learning ; Pattern Recognition, Visual ; Recognition (Psychology)/physiology
[en] Patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) relying predominantly on familiarity for recognition, research has suggested that they may be particularly susceptible to memory illusions driven by conceptual fluency. Using the Jacoby and Whitehouse [Jacoby, L.L., & Whitehouse, K. (1989). An illusion of memory: False recognition influenced by unconscious perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 118, 126-135] illusion paradigm, we extended these findings and found that AD patients were also sensitive to perceptually driven false recognition. However, AD patients were equally able to disregard perceptual fluency when there was a shift in the sensory modality of the study and test stages. Overall, these findings support the notion that patients with AD can be susceptible to fluency-based memory illusions but these patients can strategically control the fluency attribution following their metamemory expectation in exactly the same way as elderly adults and young adults.
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/33334
10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2009.04.029

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