Reference : Association between asthma control and bronchial hyperresponsiveness and airways infl...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Cardiovascular & respiratory systems
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/33309
Association between asthma control and bronchial hyperresponsiveness and airways inflammation: a cross-sectional study in daily practice.
English
Quaedvlieg, Valérie [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Pneumologie-Allergologie >]
Sele, Jocelyne [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Pneumologie-Allergologie >]
Henket, Monique [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Pneumologie-Allergologie >]
Louis, Renaud mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Pneumologie-Allergologie >]
2009
Clinical & Experimental Allergy : Journal of the British Society for Allergy & Clinical Immunology
Blackwell Publishing
39
1822-1829
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0954-7894
1365-2222
Oxford
United Kingdom
[en] Summary Background The primary end-point in the management of asthma is to obtain optimal control. The aim of this study was to assess the relationships between the markers of airway inflammation (sputum eosinophilia and exhaled nitric oxide), bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) and asthma control. Methods One hundred and thirty-four patients were recruited from our asthma clinic between January 2004 and September 2005 [mean age: 42 years, mean forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)): 86% predicted]. Eighty-six of them were treated by inhaled corticosteroids, 99 were atopic and 23 were current smokers. They all underwent detailed investigations including fractional-exhaled nitric oxide (FE(NO)) measurement, sputum induction and methacholine challenge when FEV(1) was >70% predicted, and filled in a validated asthma control questionnaire (ACQ6 Juniper). Results When dividing patients into the three groups according to their level of asthma control determined by ACQ [well-controlled asthma (ACQ score </=0.75), borderline (0.75<ACQ score <1.5) and uncontrolled asthma (ACQ score >/=1.5)], it appeared that uncontrolled asthmatics had a greater BHR to methacholine and sputum eosinophilia than controlled asthma (P<0.05, P<0.001, respectively). By contrast, we failed to show significant differences in the FE(NO) levels between the groups. With receiver-operating characteristic curves for differentiating uncontrolled (ACQ>/=1.5) from controlled and borderline (ACQ<1.5) asthma, sputum eosinophilia and methacholine responsiveness were found to be more accurate than FE(NO) (area under the curve: 0.72, 0.72 and 0.59, respectively). Conclusion In a broad spectrum of asthmatics encountered in clinical practice, sputum eosinophilia and methacholine bronchial hyperresponsiveness, but not FE(NO), are associated with uncontrolled asthma.
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/33309
10.1111/j.1365-2222.2009.03332.x
http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/122683542/issue

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