|Reference : Blood Flow under External Strains; Phenomenological Approach, Theoretical Developments &...|
|Scientific journals : Article|
|Engineering, computing & technology : Civil engineering|
Engineering, computing & technology : Materials science & engineering
|Blood Flow under External Strains; Phenomenological Approach, Theoretical Developments & Numerical Analysis|
|Paulus, Raphaël [Université de Liège - ULg > Département Argenco : Secteur MS2F > Hydrodynamique appl. et constructions hydrauliques (HACH) >]|
|Erpicum, Sébastien [Université de Liège - ULg > Département Argenco : Secteur MS2F > Hydraulique génér., const. hydraul. et méc. des fluides >]|
|Dewals, Benjamin [Université de Liège - ULg > Département Argenco : Secteur MS2F > Hydrodynamique appl. et constructions hydrauliques (HACH) >]|
|Cescotto, Serge [Université de Liège - ULg > Département Argenco : Secteur MS2F > Mécanique des solides >]|
|Pirotton, Michel [Université de Liège - ULg > Département Argenco : Secteur MS2F > Hydrodynamique appl. et constructions hydrauliques (HACH) >]|
|International Journal of Design & Nature and Ecodynamics|
|[en] 1D numerical flow modelling ; capillary behaviour ; (non)-linear material analysis ; original outfl ow boundary conditions|
|[en] In the medical field, the measurement of blood flow characteristics is often necessary. More specifically, blood pressure is an essential measure when it comes to assessing health. All over the world, many people suffer from hyper- or hypotension, and as it is known that these diseases can lead to serious complications, it is of great interest to determine the blood pressure with high accuracy. Nowadays, such information requires the use of specifi c materials; the present method for the measurement of the arterial pressure, by applying pressure using an armband (with a control device called sphygmomanometer), is known to introduce significant errors due to the inadequacy of the band dimensions (both the length and the circumference). The objective of the present research is to study and simulate the discharge of the blood in an artery subjected to external strains using theoretical developments and a numerical approach. Based on these modelling results, the response of the fluid to the external pressure of the band can be studied, and fi nally appropriate corrective factors for the true pressure and the measured pressure could be assessed. This research has been carried out with the aim of sharing medical and engineering views on the subject. The artery can be modelled as a deformable pipe, where the blood fl owing in it is a fl uid with specifi c properties. Thus, two complementary and interconnected domains are covered, solid mechanics (to obtain analytic relations between the strains and the deformations, using either linear or non-linear theories) and fluid mechanics (to study the discharge of blood in a deformable pipe, using finite volume methods), therefore considering the problem as a loose fl uid–structure interaction (FSI). These
two domains, which are well studied for common materials in civil engineering applications, are applied here not only to specifi c materials but especially to uncommon structures that, besides the somehow common FSI developments, lead to the investigation and research of very specifi c boundary conditions, giving them a physically based behaviour. At present, the research has reached the penultimate step, with the two main mentioned axes being fully developed and tested on their own. In particular, the boundary conditions developed for the models have been investigated and modelled in depth.
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