Reference : Large Excess of Heavy Nitrogen in Both Hydrogen Cyanide and Cyanogen from Comet 17P/Holmes
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Space science, astronomy & astrophysics
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/30423
Large Excess of Heavy Nitrogen in Both Hydrogen Cyanide and Cyanogen from Comet 17P/Holmes
English
Bockelée-Morvan, D. mailto [LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, 5 Place Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France; .]
Biver, N. mailto [LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, 5 Place Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France; .]
Jehin, Emmanuel mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Astrophysique et traitement de l'image >]
Cochran, A. L. [Department of Astronomy and McDonald Observatory, University of Texas at Austin, C-1400, Austin, TX 78712.]
Wiesemeyer, H. [IRAM, Avenida Divina Pastora, 7, Núcleo Central, E-18012 Granada, Spain.]
Manfroid, Jean mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) >]
Hutsemekers, Damien mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Astroph. extragalactique et observations spatiales (AEOS) >]
Arpigny, Claude mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) >]
Boissier, J. [IRAM, 300 rue de la Piscine, Domaine Universitaire, F-38406 Saint Martin d'Hères, France.]
Cochran, W. [Department of Astronomy and McDonald Observatory, University of Texas at Austin, C-1400, Austin, TX 78712.]
Colom, P. mailto [LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, 5 Place Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France; .]
Crovisier, J. mailto [LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, 5 Place Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France; .]
Milutinovic, N. [University of Victoria - UVic > Department of Physics and Astronomy >]
Moreno, R. mailto [LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, 5 Place Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France; .]
Prochaska, J. X. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, and UCO/Lick Observatory, University of California, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064.]
Ramirez, I. [Department of Astronomy and McDonald Observatory, University of Texas at Austin, C-1400, Austin, TX 78712.]
Schulz, R. [ESA/RSSD, ESTEC, P.O. Box 299, NL-2200 AG Noordwijk, The Netherlands.]
Zucconi, J.-M. [Observatoire de Besançon, F-25010 Besançon Cedex, France.]
1-May-2008
Astrophysical Journal
University of Chicago Press
679
Letters
49-52
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0004-637X
Chicago
IL
[en] Comets: General ; comets: individual (17P/Holmes) ; Radio Lines: Solar System
[en] From millimeter and optical observations of the Jupiter-family comet 17P/Holmes performed soon after its huge outburst of 2007 October 24, we derive [SUP]14[/SUP]N/[SUP]15[/SUP]N = 139 +/- 26 in HCN and [SUP]14[/SUP]N/[SUP]15[/SUP]N = 165 +/- 40 in CN, establishing that HCN has the same nonterrestrial isotopic composition as CN. The same conclusion is obtained for the long-period comet C/1995 O1 (Hale-Bopp) after a reanalysis of previously published measurements. These results are compatible with HCN being the prime parent of CN in cometary atmospheres. The [SUP]15[/SUP]N excess relative to the Earth's atmospheric value indicates that N-bearing volatiles in the solar nebula underwent important N isotopic fractionation at some stage of solar system formation. HCN molecules never isotopically equilibrated with the main nitrogen reservoir in the solar nebula before being incorporated in Oort Cloud and Kuiper Belt comets. The [SUP]12[/SUP]C/[SUP]13[/SUP]C ratios in HCN and CN are measured to be consistent with the terrestrial value.
Researchers ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/30423
10.1086/588781
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008ApJ...679L..49B
http://de.arxiv.org/abs/0804.1192

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