Reference : Frequency halving due to vortex pairing for the jet-slot oscillator
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Unpublished conference
Engineering, computing & technology : Mechanical engineering
Frequency halving due to vortex pairing for the jet-slot oscillator
Billon, Alexis [Université de Liège - ULg > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Electroacoustique, acoustique appliquée et éclairage >]
Glesser, Martin [ > > ]
Valeau, Vincent [ > > ]
Sakout, Anas [ > > ]
13th International Congress on Sound and Vibration
[en] Aeroacoustics ; Self-sustained tones ; Vortex pairing
[en] At the outlet of the HVCA systems, whistling can occur, due to self-sustained oscillations. In this study, the ventilation outlet is modelled by a free plane subsonic jet impinging on a slotted plate, leading to self-sustained tones production; this configuration is known as the jet-slot oscillator.
The tone's frequency can be predicted through the vortex dynamics within the flow. For jet velocities higher than 16m/s, the tones couple with the flow-supply-duct’s resonances. These resonances control the vortex dynamics and reinforce the sound production, of about 20dB. Moreover, when the distance from the jet exit to the plate is increased and reaches 4.5 times the jet height, the fundamental frequency of the tones is suddenly halved due to some vortex pairing occurring at the end of the potential core of the jet.
In this paper, the vortex pairing is observed with three different experimental techniques. Firstly, comparison between the radiated and the in-duct acoustic fields is conducted. Then the energy transfer from the fundamental to the sub-harmonics of the shear layer's velocity fluctuations is observed with anemometric measurements. Finally high speed flow visualizations are performed and allow to link the vortex impingement on the plate to the sound production.

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