Reference : Affective valence and the self-reference effect: influence of retrieval conditions
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Theoretical & cognitive psychology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/2915
Affective valence and the self-reference effect: influence of retrieval conditions
English
D'Argembeau, Arnaud mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cognitives > Psychopathologie cognitive >]
Comblain, Christine [> > > >]
Van der Linden, Martial mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cognitives > Psychopathologie cognitive >]
Nov-2005
British Journal of Psychology
British Psychological Soc
96
Pt 4
457-466
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0007-1269
Leicester
[en] self ; memory
[en] Positive trait information is typically better recalled than negative trait information when encoded in reference to the self, but not when encoded in reference to someone else or when processed for general meaning. This study examined whether this influence of affective meaning is modulated by retrieval conditions. Participants encoded positive and negative trait adjectives in reference to themselves or to a celebrity. They were then presented with either a free-recall task (Experiment 1) or a recognition memory task (Experiment 2). Positive adjectives were better recalled than negative adjectives, but only when they were encoded in reference to the self. In contrast, encoding condition and valence did not interact in the recognition memory task. Taken together, these findings suggest that the difference in memory between positive and negative self-referent information is due, at least in part, to a control exerted on memory retrieval.
Researchers
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/2915
The original publication is available at www.bps.org.uk

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