Reference : The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets. X. A m sin i = 11 M_â planet around...
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Space science, astronomy & astrophysics
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/27333
The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets. X. A m sin i = 11 M_â planet around the nearby spotted M dwarf <ASTROBJ>GJ 674</ASTROBJ>
English
Bonfils, X. [Centro de Astronomia e Astrofísica da Universidade de Lisboa, Observatório Astronómico de Lisboa, Tapada da Ajuda, 1349-018 Lisboa, Portugal]
Mayor, M. [Observatoire de Genève, 51 ch. des Maillettes, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland]
Delfosse, X. [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique, Observatoire de Grenoble, Université J. Fourier, BP 53, 38041 Grenoble, Cedex 9, France]
Forveille, T. [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique, Observatoire de Grenoble, Université J. Fourier, BP 53, 38041 Grenoble, Cedex 9, France]
Gillon, Michaël mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Astrophysique et traitement de l'image >]
Perrier, C. [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique, Observatoire de Grenoble, Université J. Fourier, BP 53, 38041 Grenoble, Cedex 9, France]
Udry, S. [Observatoire de Genève, 51 ch. des Maillettes, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland]
Bouchy, F. [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 98bis Bd Arago, 75014 Paris, France]
Lovis, C. [Observatoire de Genève, 51 ch. des Maillettes, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland]
Pepe, F. [Observatoire de Genève, 51 ch. des Maillettes, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland]
Queloz, D. [Observatoire de Genève, 51 ch. des Maillettes, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland]
Santos, N. C. [Centro de Astronomia e Astrofísica da Universidade de Lisboa, Observatório Astronómico de Lisboa, Tapada da Ajuda, 1349-018 Lisboa, Portugal; Observatoire de Genève, 51 ch. des Maillettes, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland ; Centro de Astrofísica, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal]
Bertaux, J*-L [Service d'Aéronomie du CNRS, BP 3, 91371 Verrières-le-Buisson, France]
1-Oct-2007
Astronomy and Astrophysics
EDP Sciences
474
293-299
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0004-6361
1432-0746
Les Ulis
France
[en] stars: individual: <ASTROBJ>GJ 674</ASTROBJ> ; stars: planetary systems ; stars: late-type ; techniques: radial velocities
[en] Context: How planet properties depend on stellar mass is a key diagnostic of planetary formation mechanisms. Aims: This motivates planet searches around stars that are significantly more massive or less massive than the Sun, and in particular our radial velocity search for planets around very low-mass stars. Methods: As part of that program, we obtained measurements of <ASTROBJ>GJ 674</ASTROBJ>, an M 2.5 dwarf at d = 4.5 pc. These measurements have dispersion much in excess of their internal errors. An intensive observing campaign demonstrates that the excess dispersion is due to two superimposed coherent signals, with periods of 4.69 and 35 days. Results: These data are described well by a 2-planet Keplerian model where each planet has a ~11 M_â minimum mass. A careful analysis of the (low-level) magnetic activity of <ASTROBJ>GJ 674</ASTROBJ>, however, demonstrates that the 35-day period coincides with the stellar rotation period. This signal therefore originates in a spot inhomogeneity modulated by stellar rotation. The 4.69-day signal, on the other hand, is caused by a bona-fide planet, <ASTROBJ>GJ 674b</ASTROBJ>. Conclusions: Its detection adds to the growing number of Neptune-mass planets around M-dwarfs and reinforces the emerging conclusion that this mass domain is much more populated than the Jovian mass range. We discuss the metallicity distributions of M dwarf with and without planets and find a low 11% probability that they are drawn from the same parent distribution. Moreover, we find tentative evidence that the host star metallicity correlates with the total mass of their planetary system. Based on observations made with the HARPS instrument on the ESO 3.6 m telescope under the GTO program ID 072.C-0488 at Cerro La Silla (Chile). Radial-velocity, photometric and Ca II H+K index time series are only available in electronic format the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strabg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/474/293
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/27333
10.1051/0004-6361:20077068
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007A%26A...474..293B
http://de.arxiv.org/abs/0704.0270

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