[en] Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/pharmacology/therapeutic use ; Adult ; Contingent Negative Variation/drug effects ; Electrophysiology/drug effects ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Metoprolol/pharmacology/therapeutic use ; Migraine Disorders/prevention & control ; Propranolol/pharmacology/therapeutic use
[en] Thirty-three patients with common migraine underwent contingent negative variation (CNV) recordings before receiving prophylactic beta-blocker treatment with either metoprolol (27 patients) or propranolol (6 patients) at mean daily dosages of 110 mg and 122 mg, respectively. After 3 months the therapeutic efficacy of the beta-blocker was assessed in each patient by means of a global severity score and compared with the initial CNV recordings. The mean clinical improvement was 62%. A significant positive correlation was found between CNV amplitude before prophylaxis and the clinical response to beta-blockers: patients with higher CNV tended to respond better to therapy. Eight of 10 patients with a CNV amplitude higher than -25 microV had a more than 50% reduction of the severity score--that is, a good or excellent response to the beta-blocking agent--whereas only 2 of 9 patients with an amplitude lower than -20 microV had a good response.